David After 2 Years in the U.S - Courtesy of our Fast Food Nation
Science Gnus is a compendium News of Science, History, Mathematics and Items of Interest, with comment, elucidation and occasional exaggeration, for each day of the year. It also contains Professor Sy Yentz, answering questions, Dr. Matt Matician connecting science and mathematics, the Activity of the Month, Factorinos, Trivia Questions, Bonus Trivia Questions, Extinct Kaput animals and plants, Jokes, Obscure Questions, Scientists of the Month, and the Flower, Rock and Words of the Month
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is a month of considerable frustration - it is so near spring and yet across a
great deal of the country the weather is still so violent and changeable that
outdoor activity in our yards seems light years away."
- Thalassa Cruso
Beware the ides of March.
- William Shakespeare
March is the month of expectation,
- Emily Dickinson, XLVIII
comes in with an adder's head, and goes out with a peacock's tail.
Richard Lawson Gales
B.C – Saturday- The first in the
tradition of Roman Triumphs – marching through
in which the first generation of Roman men acquired wives for themselves from the neighboring Sabine SabineThe Sabines were an Italic tribe that lived in the central Appennines of ancient Italy, inhabiting also Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome...
families. (In this context, rape means abduction rather than sexual violation). As told by
Recounted by Livy and Plutarch, Parallel Lives,
286 –Monday- Roman Emperor Diocletian (infamous for his persecution of Christians….sort of like NPR) raised Maximian to the rank of Caesar. Follow this now because in……see below
293 –Wednesday- Roman Emperors
Diocletian and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesares,
thus beginning the Tetrarchy. This
was a four-part division of the
1420 – Wednesday-
Pope Martinus I, aka Martin the V called for crusade against the hussieten .
Everyone said “yeah, great idea, those hussieten have been getting to
uppity…wait….. who are? Or what is hussieten? Everyone waited for the
explanation. Turns out they were followers of John Hus in what is now the
1445 –Saturday- Happy Birthday,
Sandro Botticelli, (Original name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi) Italian Renaissance painter, famous for his Birth of Venus (c. 1485) and Primavera (1477-78) – which can be seen
at the Uffizi Galleries in Florence. Considering his contemporary fame, it is
notable that Botticelli remained little known for centuries after his death.
Then his work was rediscovered late in the 19th century by a group of artists
1565 –Monday- When my baby smiles at me I go to
De Janeiro, my-oh-me-oh
I go wild and then I have to do the Samba
And La Bamba
Now I'm not the kind of person
With a passionate persuasion for dancin'
But I give in to the rhythm
And my feet follow the beatin' of my hear-eart
Woh-ho-oh-oh, when my
When my baby smiles at me I go to …….Peter Allen………The city of Rio de Janeiro was founded. The first Portuguese expedition to explore the Brazilian coast, between 1501 and 1502, visited places like the
1611 –Tuesday- Happy Birthday, John Pell, English mathematician who introduced the division sign (obelus, ÷) into England. The obelus was first used by Johann Rahnin 1659 in his fun-filled romp through the world of mathematics, Teutsche Algebra. Pell worked on algebra and number theory. He gave a table of factors of all integers up to 100000 in 1668. Interestingly, “Pell's equation” y2 = ax2 + 1, where a is a non-square integer, was worked out by Joseph Louis Lagrange, not Pell. Pell also published a number of works, for example Idea of Mathematics in1638 and the riveting two page A Refutation of Longomontanus's Pretended Quadrature of the Circle in 1644.
Wooo hooo witchy woman, see how
High she flies
Woo hoo witchy woman she got
The moon in her eye
She held me spellbound in the night
Dancing shadows and firelight
Crazy laughter in another
Room and she drove herself to madness
With a silver spoon
Woo hoo witchy woman see how high she flies
Woo hoo witchy woman she got the moon in her eye ……..The Eagles………The Salem Witch Hunt began. Before it was over, 19 innocent women were hanged. Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, an Indian slave from
1753 –Thursday- Ending up with a February 30, and very confusing appointment books, for fifty years, Sweden introduced its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar. It then reverted to the Julian calendar (eleven days off the Gregorian) on this date in 1712, and finally went back to the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.
The Continental Congress ratified the Articles of
Articles, the first governing document for the
1790-Monday- Congress authorized the first
1803 –Tuesday- Ohio entered the
Bird –Cardinal, Flower Scarlet –Carnation, Fruit – not surprisingly, considering the
beverage, Tomato, Gem Stone -Ohio Flint, Invertebrate Fossil -Isotelus
(Trilobite), although there was a movement to change the invertebrate to Dennis
Kucinich, Tree Ohio- Buckeye, and Ohio
is blessed with two songs; Rock Song -Hang on Sloopy and Song -Beautiful
1810 –Thursday-- Happy Birthday, we
think, to Polish composer and pianist Frederic Chopin. Chopin always gave his
date of birth as March 1 but according to his baptismal certificate, which was
written several weeks after his birth, the date was February 22. In 1831 he arrived in
1845 –Saturday- The eyes of texas are upon you
All the live long day
The eyes of Texas are upon you
And you can get away
Do not think you can escape them
From night till early in the morn
The eyes of Texas are upon you
Till Gabriel blows his horn …..John Sinclair……With James K. Polk scheduled to be inaugurated on March 4, outgoing President, John Tyler signed a resolution annexing the
1848-Wednesday- Happy Birthday,
Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the
first American black woman to be awarded a medical degree. Born in
– Friday- Same day as Yellowstone Park was established…one of the great
scientific feuds achieved another milestone of pettiness as bitter rival
paleontologists Edward D.Cope and O.C. Marsh raced for recognition of their
work on the fossilized remains of an animal with large wings from the dinosaur
era. On this day Cope read his paper to the American Philosophical
1873 –Saturday- The company of E. Remington and Sons in
Happy Birthday, Sir Isaac Shoenberg,
Russian/British electronic engineer born in
–Sunday- Italy, which gave us
1896- Sunday- French physicist Henri Becquerel
discovered radioactivity when he developed the photographic plate he left in that
desk drawer a few days earlier and found it had fogged with the image of the
uranium compound crystals resting on it..........So that's why the pictures
Prof. Sy Yentz took at the World's Largest Ball of Ear Wax somewhere in
Iowa, were so blurry!....... Recall that
on February 26, Becquerel had
stored a phosphorescent uranium compound in a closed desk drawer on top of a
photographic plate awaiting a sunnier day to test his idea that sunlight would
make the phosphorescent uranium emit rays. By accident, he created a new
experiment. When he developed the photographic plate, he found a fogged image
in the shape of the rocks.He had chosen to work with
potassium uranyl sulfate, K2UO2(SO4)2,
which he exposed to sunlight and placed on photographic plates wrapped in black
paper. When developed, the plates revealed an image of the uranium crystals.
These he stored waiting for a sunny day…..which turned out to be March 1.
1912-Friday- Might as well jump. Jump !
Might as well jump.
Go ahead, jump. Jump !
Go ahead, jump. ……..Van Halen……..Capt Albert Berry performed the first parachute jump from an airplane. The Gnus finds this impressive if the plane was in flight at the time but not so impressive if the plane was on the ground. Previously, Andre Garnerin, of
1921-Tuesday-. Magician, Harry Houdini patented a diver's suit. While diver’s suits had been around for a long time, - probably the first was Klingert's diving suit in1797 which consisted of a jacket and trousers made of waterproof leather, a helmet with a porthole, and a metal front and was linked to a turret with an air reservoir. Houdini’s diver's suit" allowed divers, in case of danger, to quickly divest themselves of the suit while submerged and to safely escape and reach the surface of the water. It also allowed a diver to don his suit without assistance. It accomplished this by being formed in two halves, with a locking joint in the middle. The diver could reach this joint and release it, and then escape from the suit.
1922-Wednesday- Happy Birthday William M. Gaines, American publisher of Mad magazine. “Humor in a jugular vein”. Mad, as it did with many young folks, entertained, and contributed immeasurably to Professor Sy Yentz sense (or attempts at) humor. From http://www.dccomics.com/mad/?action=about1 - Bill Gaines knew that the man who would edit MAD had to have a brilliant sense of humor as well as a groundbreaking visual sense. He had to be a man who could see through the phoniness of popular culture. And he had to be a man who could take a little 10-cent comic book and transform it into the premiere satirical force of the 20th century. Unfortunately, that man was busy, so Gaines hired Harvey Kurtzman. Also, in 1952... The second issue of MAD went on sale on December 9, 1952. On December 11, the first-ever letter complaining that MAD "just isn't as funny and original like it used to be" arrived. Along with editor Al Feldstein and "the usual gang of idiots", publisher Gaines made MAD a touchstone of satire and humor for young people throughout the 60s, 70s and 80s
1924 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Donald “Deke” Slayton, American astronaut. Slayton was the only one of the seven original Mercury astronauts not to fly in space during the Mercury program. He was originally scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission but was relieved of this assignment due to a heart condition discovered in August 1959. He did make his first space flight, however, as Apollo docking module pilot of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) mission, July 15-24, 1975—a joint space flight culminating in the first historical meeting in space between American astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts.
1932- Tuesday- Charles Lindbergh
III, the 20 month old baby of aviators Charles and Anne Lindbergh was kidnapped
from their home in
1936 –Sunday- Hoover Dam
(originally Boulder Dam, changed to Hoover Dam in 1930 and changed back to
Boulder Dam during the FDR administration and then changed back to Hoover Dam
during the Truman Administration……as far as we know the damn dam is still
Hoover Dam….that is, if you give a damn)
was completed. In November, 1932, the
1937 –Monday- Permanent license plates made of
The plates boreminum were first issued in
commercially licensed FM radio station began operations as
-Four members of an extremist terrorist Puerto Rican nationalist group fired more than
30 shots at the floor of the House of Representatives from a visitors' gallery,
Bye bye, happiness.
I think I'm a-gonna cry-y.
Bye bye, love.
Bye bye, sweet caress.
I feel like I could di-ie.
Bye bye, my love, goodby-ye…………Boudleaux and Felice Bryant …….The Everly Brothers signed with Cadence Records (silver and maroon label). They had their first recording session on the same day. Overseen by old family friend Chet Atkins, the first song that they recorded was Bye Bye Love. Bye Bye Love, had already been rejected by thirty other acts. The Everlys kept their high harmonies, but backed them with robust acoustic guitars and a rock 'n' roll beat that owed a lot to the great Bo Diddley. Don and Phil Everly would become one of the biggest recording acts of the late 50’s early 60s rock era.
President John F. Kennedy
issued an Executive Order, establishing the Peace Corps as a new agency
within the Department of State. The
Peace Corp became THE most popular
government service agency of the 1960s. By the time of Kennedy’s death in
November 1963, 7,000 volunteers were in the field, serving in 44
1966-Tuesday- The Soviet unmanned spacecraft Venera 3, launched in November 1965, touched down on Venus. This was how they discovered surface temperatures of 900 F as the spacecraft melted and became liquid Venera 3. The understated report was that the communications systems had failed before planetary data could be returned. Many, however suspect that the spacecraft was destroyed by a Venusian society of Amazons led by Queen Zsa Zsa Gabor as incontroverably proven in the documentary movie, Queen of Outer Space.
1971 –Monday American terrorists exploded a bomb in the a men’s room of the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., causing an estimated $300,000 in damage and forcing many Congressmen to “hold it” until they got home. No one was injured. A collection of left wing loons calling itself the "Weather Underground", an offshoot of the collection of left wing loons and communist sympathizers calling themselves the Weathermen, who were an offshoot of Students for a Democratic Society (SDC), claimed credit for the bombing, which was done in protest of the ongoing U.S.-supported Laos invasion.
1979 –Thursday- The opening of Sweeney Todd on Broadway at the Uris Theater. Stephen Sondheim’s musical starred Len Cariou as the “Demon Barber of Fleet Street” and Angela Lansbury. Directed by Harold Prince, the play won the Tony Award for Best Musical and Cariou and Lansbury won the Tonys for Best Actor and Actress. Sweeney Todd would run for 557 performances.
1980-Saturday- Voyager 1 probe, launched in September 1977, confirmed the existence of the Saturnian moon, Janus. The reason for the confusion was that Janus occupies essentially the same orbit as the moon Epimetheus, sort of like a sub-letting an apartment. Astronomers, assumed that there was only one body in that orbit, and for a long time struggled to figure out what was going on. As these two satellites approach each other they exchange a little momentum, do a “dosey doe” and trade orbits; the inner satellite becomes the outer and the outer moves to the inner position. This exchange happens about once every four years. Now that they knew there was a Janus, credit for the discovery went to Audouin Dollfus who found it in 1966 and named it after the two faced –looking forwards and backwards-god of gates and doorways.
1985 –Friday- The premiere of Lust in the Dust starring Tab Hunter (yes, that Tab Hunter), Divine, favorite bad guy, Henry Silva, and a fading (quickly) Caesar Romero. With the tagline (IMBd) “He Rode The West... The Girls Rode The Rest! Together They Ravaged The Land!”, a group of unscrupulous characters sought buried treasure in the old west. The movie scored a 38% on the Rotten Tomatoes Tomatometer. Critic Roger Ebert felt that Lust in the Dust would have worked better with Divine in the Tab Hunter role.
1993 –Monday New York Yankee owner George M. Steinbrenner was reinstated after being banned for life on July 30, 1990 after collaborating with a gambler to dig up dirt on HIS OWN PLAYER, Dave Winfield Commissioner Fay Vincent banned the fershtinkiner Steinbrenner from baseball forever. Word got out at that night’s game via radio-carrying fans at the Stadium that George was out. Fans gave the news a standing ovation and chanted “No more George.”. Three years later after the bombastic bully said he was sorry, Vincent gave him another chance.
2002 –Friday- The Envisat environmental satellite, launched by the European Space Agency, reached an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons). Envisat, short for environmental satellite, had a unique combination of 10 different instruments which collected data about the Earth’s atmosphere, land, sea and ice – providing scientists with the most detailed picture yet of the state of the planet. Microbes falling to Earth from the satellite are believed to be the cause of the species Briefus Famous Stupiditus, in which the media creates fame (FifteenMinutus Warholus) for some wretched publicity seeking human being.
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2. Read Across
Ah, the shrinking
gene pool. The Carolingian dynasty that began with Charles Martel and his son
Pepin III (the Short) and then his son Charlemagne (the Great), (aka Carolus
Magnus—the source of the dynasty's name), sputtered to an end with Louis V, also called
Louis the Indolent or Louis the Sluggard. Louis was crowned the King of France on
this date. This exemplar of royal
denseness ruled less than a year as he went kaput in May 987. There were nasty
rumors that his mother Emma poisoned him.. His heir by blood was Charles, duke
1316 –Monday- Happy Birthday, Robert
II, King of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name
to the House of Stewart (later spelled "Stuart"). He was the son of
Robert the Bruce’s daughter Marjorie (The Bruce’s son, David II had died
childless) and her husband Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland. When King James V was on his deathbed in 1542 after yet another Scottish battle
1459 –Wednesday- A good day for Popes, three born on this
day, Happy Birthday, Pope Adrian VI, (Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens) born in
Utrecht in the Netherlands, the last non-Italian Pope until John Paul II. Adrian VI, always addressed as “Yo,
1810 –Friday- Pope Leo XIII (Count Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci) who became the oldest Pope but then went kaput at age 93. He was elected to the Papacy in 1878. Then Pope number three for March 2 was:
1876-Thursday- Happy Birthday, Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli). Pius poped from 1939 – 1958 and came under and continued to come under serious criticism for his failure to speak out strongly and effectively against the Holocaust and the Nazis.
1730 –Thursday- On the “march” to more & more discoveries about electricity, Stephen Gray (according to Erik Larson in Thunderstruck) clothed a boy in heavy garments until his body was thoroughly insulated. He left the boy’s hands, feet, and head unclothed. Using non-conductive silk strings he hung the boy in the air, and then touched an electrified glass tube to his naked foot, “thus causing a spark to rocket from his nose”. We thought you’d get a charge out of this item.
1769-Thursday- I've got a mule, her name is Sal,
15 miles on the Erie Canal
She's a good old worker and a good old pal,
15 miles on the Erie Canal
We've hauled some barges in our day
filled with lumber, coal and hay
And we know every inch of the way from
Low bridge, everybody down
Low bridge for we're coming to a town
And you'll always know your neighbor, you'll always know your pal
If you've ever navigated on the
1784 –Tuesday- Jean Pierre François Blanchard was a
pioneering French aeronaut who worked on designing heavier-than-air flying
machines, including one based on a theory of rowing in the air currents with
oars and a tiller…..really! He was best
known for his many pioneering balloon flights. He took up ballooning following
the Montgolfier brothers' 1783 demonstrations of hot-air-balloon flying in
1793-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Sam Houston, born in
1807-Monday- Congress abolished the African slave trade. Signed into law
by Thomas Jefferson on this day, the Bill "prohibits the importation of slaves into any port or
place within the jurisdiction of the
On Sam Houston’s birthday and just four days before the fall of the Alamo on March
6, Texas proclaimed its independence
1855 –Friday- Alexander II became Czar
of Russia. Alexander was the eldest son of Czar Nicholas I. In politically,
culturally and technologically backwards
1861 – Saturday. Two years
before Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in
1863-Monday- As the Civil War raged, Congress authorized a
track width of 4-ft 8-1/2 in. as the standard for the Union Pacific Railroad.
This width became the accepted gauge for most of the world.
1867 -Saturday-Jesse James was a lad that killed many a man,
He robbed the
But that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard
Has laid poor Jesse in his grave……….Bascom Lamar Lunsford………Nineteen year old Jesse James and four others of the James gang - but no Youngers- attempted to rob the Judge John McClain Banking House of Savannah, Missouri. They got no money but did manage to escape with a free toaster for opening an account. In case you’ve been counting, forty five Jesse James movies have been made. http://www.stjosports.com/jessejamesinthemovies.aspx Among our favorites have been Jesse James Meets Frankenstein’s Daughter (television’s John Lupton – Broken Arrow- as Jesse) 1966 and Bulgarian Jesse James movie, Jesse James Meets Lokum Shekarov, also 1966. Actors who have played Jesse James include: Jesse James Jr., Tyrone Power, Roy Rogers, Rod Cameron, George Reeves (television’s Superman), Clayton Moore, yes, the Lone Ranger himself, Dale Robertson, Audie Murphy, John Ireland, MacDonald Carey, Robert Wagner, Wendell Corey, Robert Duval, Christopher Lloyd, yes, that Christopher Lloyd of Back to the Future and Taxi, Rob Lowe, Colin Farrell and Brad Pitt.
1874 –Monday The “batter’s box” was instituted for baseball. Unfortunately, when the batter was in a box, he couldn’t see the pitcher and the pitcher couldn’t see the batter, so they decided to throw away the wood and just draw a line instead. It was six feet long and centered to the middle of home plate. It was one foot from home plate and three feet wide over all and required to be marked with chalk. The batter was required to be within the lines of his position during the act of swinging the bat and if contact was made and the batsman was outside the lines of the box, a foul strike and out was called and the ball was considered dead. Three foul strikes during a batter’s time at bat put him out….unlike the 10-12 pitch “at bats” featuring a plethora of foul balls that we can see today.
1877-Friday- Ending yet another sleazy chapter in the story of Electoral
politics, Congress accepted an electoral
commission's decision that Republican Rutherford B. Hayes had won the disputed
presidential election of the previous November over New York Governor, Samuel
Tilden. Tilden had won the popular vote
but presidential elections are based on the electoral college (number of votes
per state based on members of congress which is based on population). 185 votes
were required to win, Tilden was ahead 184 electoral votes to 165 for
Hayes. Four states were in dispute;
1887-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Harry E. Soref, locksmith, inventor of the laminated steel padlock, and founder of Master Lock Company in 1921. Plenty of locks but no bagels, not even a schmear… tsk, tsk. And what, you may ask, is a laminated padlock – patented in 1924? The plates punched from sheet metal were stacked and assembled. Holes that were formed in the middle of the plates made room to accommodate the locking mechanism….the u-shaped top. The entire stack of plates, loaded with the lock parts in it, was then riveted together. Take a look at your Master Lock and you’ll see the layers.
Happy Birthday, Kurt
Weill, German-American composer born in
Happy Birthday, Edward U. Condon, American
physicist born in
1904 –Wednesday- Horton Hears a Who.
And that’s what is
There nothing that’s loose.
But Happy Birthday Dr. Seuss.
Now you’re in the Gnus.
Happy Birthday, Theodore Geisel, author of The Cat in the Hat, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas, Green Eggs and Ham among other books in rhyme……except for Bartholomew and the Oobleck which doesn’t rhyme. Maybe it was an off day.
1917 –Friday- The
grandson of Tsar Alexander II – crowned on this day 1855 (see 1855 above), Nicholas II of Russia, who was a few french fries short of a happy meal, abdicated the throne in favor of his brother
Michael II of Russia who refused to accept. In history’s long list of monarchs
who made one stupid decision after another to end up losing their throne (and
frequently their lives), Nicholas makes the Honor Roll. For example, he married
the German princess, Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstadt. Alexandra, the
grand-daughter of Queen
1917 –Friday- “Lucy! I’m home….”
Happy Birthday, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz ye de Acha the Third, you know him as Desi
Arnaz, Cuban bandleader, singer and actor. He married actress Lucille Ball and
created the classic TV comedy, I Love
Lucy in 1952. In addition to being the perfect straight man for a comic
genius (also see George Burns and Gracie Allen), Arnaz was one of
1925 –Monday- I was thinkin' 'bout a shortcut I could take
But it seems like I made a mistake
I was wrong, mmm, I took too long
I got caught in the rush hour
A fellow started to shower
You with love and affection
Now you won't look in my direction
On the expressway to your heart ………Soul Survivor………With more and more cars being manufactured and sold, more and more drivers were getting lost on their way to ……wherever they were going. The federal highway numbering system was implemented by a commission of state highway administrators. They even added the shield shape (ignored by many urban drivers) to the signs. Today as we all know (don’t we?) signs have different colors and east/west highways have even numbers and north/souths have odd numbers……………….and we still get lost…..try figuring out the signs in New Jersey after you cross the George Washington Bridge.
1933-Thursday- ”It was beauty that killed
the beast” – King Kong had its world premiere in
1939 –Thursday For those who
think Massachusetts is a weird state (not that there’s anything wrong with
that…..being weird or thinking it’s weird), the Massachusetts legislature voted
to ratify the Bill of Rights, 147 years after the first 10 amendments to the
U.S. Constitution had gone into effect. Although
1944-Thursday- Over 500 people were suffocated when
a train stopped in a tunnel near
1944 –Thursday- Same day as the train disaster in
1944 –Thursday- Perhaps attendance was
down at the Academy Awards because everyone was attending the premiere of Curse of the Cat People, the sequel to
1942’s much better, Cat People. In Cat People, Simone Simon played a woman
who could change into a cat and tear people to shreds. This time around, her husband has re-married
(due to her kaputing in the original) but, shades of soap opera! She’s back as
her own ghost to protect the daughter of her former husband. It was directed by Robert Wise who went on
to much better things like
1947 –Sunday- Happy Birthday, Professor Sy Yentz, American, born in New York City, teacher, student, traveler, teacher of teachers, almanackist, historian, music aficionado, inveterate reader, pseudo dry red wine oenophile, dry wit who’s miraculous wife, Margaret puts up with it all.
1949 –Wednesday- Turn on the light, let it shine on me,
turn on your love light, let it shine on me
Let it shine, shine, shine, let it shine
I got a little lonely in the middle of the night,
I need you darlin' to make things all right
A Little bit higher, just a little bit higher …..Bobby Bland……The first automatic streetlight system in which the streetlights turned themselves on at dark was installed in
1949 –Wednesday- Same day as the automatic streetlight system, the B-50 Superfortress, the Lucky Lady II landed at Fort Worth, Texas, after completing the first round-the-world nonstop flight the covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs. The plane was refueled several times in mid-flight. They had tried to land several times but were re-routed by air traffic controllers who were having difficulty with a new computer system forty eight times and ended up flying around the world. In flight entertainment included C-SPAN Congressional Minutes in Esperanto and Desperate Housewives Go to Avatar.
1958-Sunday- First surface crossing of the
Antarctic continent was completed. The journey of approximately
2,500miles lasted 99 sun filled, fun-filled days. The British
1959-Monday- An experimental push-button phone was tested by the Southern New England Telephone Company of New Haven, Conn., to see if customers would dial fewer wrong numbers using the new design. Guess it worked since push button took over although we still “dial” wrong numbers. Old habits are hard to break.
1962 –Friday- 7’ 2” center Wilt (“The Stilt’”, “Goliath”, or
“The Big Dipper”) Chamberlain scored 100 points and set an NBA record that
remains to this day as the Philadelphia Warriors (now Golden State Warriors) beat the hapless New York Knickerbockers
169-147 in Hershey Pa. (of all places!)
Chamberlain broke NBA records for the most field goal attempts (63),
most field goals made (36), most free throws made (28), most points in a half
(59), most field goal attempts in a half (37), most field goals made in a half
(22), and most field goal attempts in one quarter (21). He also mopped the floors during time-outs,
washed the towels at half-time, and sold 4,332 hot dogs at the concession
stand. Oh yes, he drove the team bus,
flew the plane and inflated the basketballs.
1964 – A pale (no pun intended), soulless version of Twist and Shout by the Beatles was released in the U.S. Attention Beatles, nothing could be better than the Eisley Brothers in 1962. You should have left it alone. The song was written by Bert Berns (under the pseudonym Bert Russell) along with Bill Medley of the Righteous Brothers.
1978 –Thursday- Czech this out…. Vladimír Remek became the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he was launched aboard Soyuz 28…..subject of the Beatles song, I Soyuz Standing There. Soyuz docked with the Salyut 6 space station. Microbes brought back to Earth by Soyuz 28 eventually caused an outbreak of the Cable Television disease , Beatingus Subjectus to Deathicus Ad Nauseum.
–Monday- Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicated that
Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice (sounds
like a great dessert). Europa was a Phoenician princess abducted to
–Tuesday- NASA announced that the
Back to Calendar
3. 1500- Saturday- Happy Birthday, Reginald Pole, English prelate who broke with King Henry VIII over Henry’s antipapal policies and serial marriages. Pole later became a cardinal and a powerful figure in the government of the Roman Catholic queen, Henry’s daughter, Mary Tudor. His most famous works include his condemnation of Henry VIII and defense of the church, De unitate, 1536, his collaboration on the document concerning reform of the papacy, Consilium de emendanda ecclesiae, 1537 and his anti-Machiavellian treatise, Apologia ad Carolum Quintum,1539). In 1549 he came up one vote short in the vote for Pope.
1634 –Friday- The Town of
1709 –Sunday- A real "sweet guy", Happy Birthday to Andreas Marggraf, German chemist. In 1747 he published an account of his experiments attempting to obtain true sugar from indigenous plants. He found that the most sugar was in the beetroot and secondly, the carrot. In those plants sugar, just like that in sugarcane exists ready formed, and that it could be extracted by boiling the dried roots in alcohol. He used a microscope for these discoveries, one of the device’s first recorded usages in a chemical inquiry. Marggraf also isolated zinc from its minerals. He published his findings in the riveting page turner, On The Method of Extracting Zinc From Its True Mineral, Calamine in 1746. The metal was thought to be a complex blend of metals nearly until Antoine Lavoisier's listing of zinc as an element.
1751-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Pierre Provost, Swiss philosopher and physicist who first showed that all bodies radiate heat, no matter how hot or cold they are. This is a comforting thought to Professor Sy Yentz when he leaves his house on a -7˚ morning in January.
1791 –Thursday- The best things in life are free
But you can keep 'em for the birds and bees;
Now give me money, (that's what I want) that's what I want,
(That's what I want) That's what I want (That's what I want) yeah,
That's what I want.
Your lovin' give me such a thrill,
But your lovin' don't pay my bills;
Money don't get everything it's true,
What it don't get I can't use……..Barrett Strong……….. The United States Mint was created by the U.S. Congress. The mint, a delicious dark chocolate was……no, no, no Professor Sy Yentz has his confectionary sense of humor. President George Washington did not act upon these recommendations until April of 1792. The first gold coins authorized by the government were as follows:Gold Eagle Value $10.00 Gold Half Value $ 5.00, Gold Quarter Eagle Value $ 2.50 President
1820 –Friday- Continuing the
slippery slide towards Civil War, The U.S. Congress passed the Missouri
High on cocaine
Casey Jones you better
watch your speed ….Grateful Dead……..Happy Birthday, George Pullman, American industrialist and inventor of the Pullman sleeping car for use on railroads. Prior to
1841-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, John Murray, Scottish naturalist who coined the word oceanography. As a marine scientist, he took part in the Challenger Expedition, captained by George Nares, the first major oceanographic expedition of the world. He was the first to observe the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the existence of marine trenches. He died in 1914, killed by, of all things, a car.
1845 –Monday- Florida became the 27th
state of the
1845 –Monday- On the same day that
1845 –Monday- On the same day as Florida was admitted to the Union, and John Tyler was vetoed, Happy Birthday, Georg Cantor, Russian-German mathematician who created modern set theory and extended it to give the concept of transfinite numbers, with cardinal and ordinal number classes, which is something that many of us lose sleep over. His early work was on Fourier series, but he is best known for his study of transfinite set theory. He began with the definition of infinite sets proposed by Dedekind in 1872: a set is infinite when it is similar to a proper part of itself. Sets with this property, such as the set of natural numbers are said to be 'denumerable' or 'countable'. As with almost all of our mathematical items with elucidation, Professor Sy Yentz has absolutely no idea what any of that means but thanks, as with many citations, to the Today in Science History website.
1847-Wednesday- Happy Birthday,
Alexander Graham Bell American inventor born in
–Saturday- Congress passed the Organic
Act on March 3, 1849, to provide for the territorial government of
1851 –Monday- In case you think a dime is small, on this day the smallest of United States coins (diameter 14 mm) a three cent was authorized by Congress. It was created in part to pay for the cost of a……now don’t fall off your chair laughing….. stamp. Wait, it gets better, the Federal government was in the process of reducing the cost for mailing a letter from five cents to three cents. The coin was popular with the public….for a while. But the silver-copper alloy had an unpleasant predisposition to discolor and turn dark. The tiny coin soon became known as "fish scales." The three-cent coin gradually fell out of favor and it was minted for the last time in 1873. Issues from 1854 through 1873 have an olive sprig over the III and a bundle of three arrows beneath. Nearly the entire production of non-proof coins from 1863 to 1872 was melted in 1873.
1863-Tuesday- President Abraham Lincoln approved a charter
for the National Academy of Sciences. Over
the years, the National Academy of Sciences broadened its services to the
government. During World War I it became apparent that the limited membership
-- then numbering only about 150 -- could not keep up with the volume of
requests for advice regarding military preparedness. Under
1875 –Wednesday- Perhaps because the
U.S Mint was authorized on this day in 1791, Congress just kept getting excited
about coins . Following the microscopic
three cent coin of 1851, on this day President Ulysses Grant signed into law
the twenty cent coin . It was the brainchild of Nevada Senator John Percival
Jones He claimed the reason for this coinage was to provide
merchants with a denomination of coin which would allow them to lower their
prices and/or prevent them from
shortchanging their customers. Of course
being a Senator from
1875 –Wednesday- The premiere of
Georges Bizet’s Carmen, at the Opera
1879 –Monday- I'm gonna take my
You better take your vitamins!
(They're good for you! They're good for you!)
I'm gonna take my vitamins!
You better take your vitamins!
(They're good for you! They're good for you!) ….Supernova……….Happy Birthday, Elmer McCollum, American biochemist who originated the letter system of naming vitamins. He discovered vitamins A (fat soluble) and worked with others on vitamin D. McCollum gave the 'factors' letter names, because their structures had not yet been determined to give them proper chemical names. The letter system proved more effective than the discarded vitamin naming system of “The one that gave me hives”,“ The one that made me constipated”, “the one that made my toenails grow really fast”, and “the one that caused my wife to grow a beard”.
Alexander Graham Bell’s birthday (see 1847 above) American Telephone and
Telegraph (AT&T) was incorporated. The company began in
1875, in an arrangement among Alexander
Graham Bell and the two men, Gardiner Hubbard and Thomas Sanders, who agreed to
finance his work the year before he invented the telephone. In 1877, the three
men formed the Bell Telephone Company. The first telephone exchange, operating
under license from Bell Telephone, opened in
1887- Thursday- That deaf, dumb and blind kid
Sure plays a mean pinball ………..The Who……..Anne Sullivan arrived at the Alabama home of Capt. and Mrs. Arthur H. Keller to become the teacher of Helen Keller, their blind and deaf 6-year-old daughter. Sullivan had to begin her teaching with lessons in obedience, followed by teachings of the manual and Braille alphabets. Sullivan attended classes with Keller and tutored her through the Perkins Institute, The Cambridge School for Young Ladies and
1906 – Saturday- The Voisin brothers, Gabriel and Charles, French airplane inventors and designers built a pusher biplane, powered by an Antoinette V-8 engine, that took off on wheels. Charles died in an automobile accident in 1912. Gabriel continued to manufacture aircraft until, following World War I, he turned to the production of luxury automobiles, citing as a reason his distress at the way aircraft had been used for violence during the war. He continued to make automobiles under the brand name, Avions Voisin into the 1950s.
1918 –Sunday- Happy Birthday, Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959 (shared with Severo Ochoa) for his discovery of "the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)" ---enzymes producing DNA. Kornberg produced a chemically exact (though genetically inert – sort of like television’s Katie Couric) replica of deoxyribonucleic acid in 1957 marked a significant step forward in understanding the material from which genes are made, (even though WE know they are made of denim) and which is the vehicle for the chemical transmission of all hereditary characteristics.
1931-Tuesday- The “Star Spangled Banner “ became the official national
anthem of the United States as President
Herbert Hoover signed an act of Congress. Francis Scott Key had composed the
lyrics to "The Star-Spangled Banner" after witnessing the overnight
British bombardment of
– Friday- The
–Tuesday- The premiere of Behemoth, the Sea Monster. The movie is notable for the nuclear
waste/fallout created monster attacking
1966-Thursday- There’s something happening here. What is ain’t exactly clear…. Neil Young, Stephen Stills and Richie Furay formed the seminal, highly influential group, Buffalo Springfield. And you can take that For What It’s Worth.
1969- Monday- Apollo 9 was launched from
1978 –Friday- Invasion of the body snatchers as the body of Charlie Chaplin, including coffin was stolen from Corsier-Sur-Vevey Cemetery, Corsier-Sur-Vevey, Switzerland. Elevne weeks later Swiss police arrested two motor mechanics - a Pole aged 24 and a Bulgarian aged 38 who confessed to stealing the coffin and reburying it. They were traced after police kept a watch on 200 phone kiosks and tapped the Chaplins' phone after the family received ransom demands of £400,000 for return of the body after it went missing in March. Sir Charles' 51-year-old widow, Lady Oona Chaplin, refused to pay up saying: "Charlie would have thought it ridiculous."
1980 –Monday- The USS Nautilus, the first atomic powered
submarine was decommissioned. In 1982, in recognition of the submarine's unique
place in history, it was designated a National Historic Landmark. With this
status in place, Nautilus, named for
Captain Nemo’s submarine in Jules Verne’s Twenty
Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, was
converted to a museum ship and returned to
1985 –Sunday- Madame Tussaud's Wax
The first solo non-stop and
fastest flight around the world without refueling ended as Steve Fossett landed
at the Salina Municipal Airport, Kansas. He had left 67 hours earlier on Feb.28
2005, in The Global Flyer, a single-engine, single-use experimental jet
plane. At 8 a.m. on Sept. 3, 2007,
Fossett took off alone from the Flying-M Ranch, near
2009 –Tuesday- The collapse of the Historical Archive of
Cologne buried more than a millenium's worth of documents under tons of rubble.
Back to Calendar
304 or 304 – Wednesday or Friday- The lives of the
saints are replete with a series of gruesome deaths. Sometimes it seemed like a
prerequisite in the middle ages. On this date in either 303 or 304, St. Adrian
1275 –Monday- Chinese astronomers observed a total eclipse of the sun. Chinese astrologers could predict solar eclipses by analyzing the Moon's motion since 206 A.D. The principle source of solar eclipse observations from the Sung, Kin, and Yuan dynasties (960-1368 AD) are the astrological treatises. Total eclipses are listed for the years 977, 1221, and 1275 AD. Annular, partial and unspecified eclipses are noted for 1022, 1054, 1135, 1214, 1292 and 1367 AD. http://history.cultural-china.com/en/183History5571.html In 1983 Bonnie Tyler would have a total eclipse of the heart:
Once upon a time I was
falling in love
But now I'm only falling apart
There's nothing I can do
A total eclipse of the heart
Once upon a time there was light in my life
But now there's only love in the dark
Nothing I can say
A total eclipse of the heart………..Bonnie Tyler channeling Jim Steadman.
1394-Tuesday- Ride, captain ride upon your mystery ship
Be amazed at the friends you have here on your trip
Ride captain ride upon your mystery ship
On your way to a world that others might have missed ….Blue Image…..Happy Birthday, Prince Henry the Navigator, the son of King João of Portugal. Henry was the driving force behind major exploration voyages. He didn’t do much actual navigating since he didn’t do much sailing but Henry sent sailing expeditions down
1461 –Monday- During the Wars of the Roses in England, the muddled King
Henry VI (Lancaster) who was half a bubble off
plumb– son of the great Henry V- was deposed by his Yorkist cousin,
Edward, who then became King Edward IV. Henry had reigned since 1422 when he
became King at the tender age of nine months old. He would make a brief comeback to kingship from October 31, 1470 until April 14, 1471. Never having more than a
tenuous hold on reality (he was dominated by his wife, Margaret), Henry went over
the edge in 1453. Richard,
the Duke of York was made protector. Disputes between Queen Margaret and her
supporters and those of
1493 – Saturday- “But you had three when you
They were here a minute ago.”……..Having departed in 1492 with the Niña, Pinta, and
baroque……Happy Birthday, Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer born in
1774 –Friday- The first sighting of Orion Nebula by British astronomer William Herschel using a self-built reflecting telescope of 6-foot focal length. Herschel would go on to discover the planet Uranus (be careful of the pronunciation, it’s “your a nus”, not your anus) in 1781.The Orion Nebula is the brightest star forming, and the brightest diffuse nebula in the sky, and also one of the brightest deepsky objects. You’ll find it just south of Orion’s Belt – three stars (Alnitak, Alnilam, Mintaka) in a row. A nebula is A diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas or both, visible as luminous patches or areas of darkness depending on the way the mass absorbs or reflects incident radiation. Stars are born within the clouds of dust. In 1976, Barbra Streisand, Kris Kristofferson, and Gary Busey were born in a nebula. In 1954, Judy Garland, James Mason, and Jack Carson were born in a nebula and in 1937 Janet Gaynor, Frederic March and Adolphe Menjou were born in a nebula.
1791-Friday- Vermont, the 14th state, was admitted to the union. In 1609, the same year that Henry Hudson
discovered his river in what would be
bird -Hermit Thrush, butterfly -Monarch Butterfly, flower -Red Clover , fossil -White Whale, fruit –Apple, gem -Grossular garnet, insect –Honeybee, mineral –Talc, pie- Apple Pie, multiple rocks -Granite, Marble, Slate and the state song is These Green Mountains.
1792 –Sunday- But still
Needles and pins
Because of all my pride
The tears I gotta hide….The Searchers……co-written by Sonny Bono. Happy Birthday, Samuel Slocum, American inventor born in
1837 –Saturday- With the population reaching 4,170 the former
1854 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Sir Napier Shaw, English meteorologist. Shaw introduced the millibar, a unit of measurement of air pressure, and the tephigram, a graphical representation of the first law of thermodynamics - The first law of thermodynamics basically states that a thermodynamic system can store or hold energy and that this internal energy is conserved -as applied to Earth's atmosphere. He wrote Manual of Meteorology in 1826. A millibar is a bar where you drink millis.
1859 –Friday- Happy
Birthday, Aleksandr Popov physicist and
electrical engineer who is proclaimed in
1861-Monday- Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated as the 16th
president of the
1865-Saturday- Same date, four years later Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated for his second term as President. His speech, one of his greatest speeches in a career filled with great speeches, “With malice toward none, with charity for all….” again showed a conciliatory policy towards the south. In 1861 six weeks later war broke out. Now, six weeks later he would be assassinated. John Wilkes Booth, David Herold, George Atzerodt, Lewis Paine, John Surratt and Edmund Spangler, the conspirators involved with his assassination were present in the crowd at the inauguration
1877-Sunday- Happy Birthday, Garrett A. Morgan,
African-American inventor. Among his inventions were; the gas mask, the belt
fastener, and the automatic traffic light.
July 25, 1916, Morgan made national news for using his gas mask to rescue 32
men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel 250 feet beneath
– Sunday- The debut of Peter Illyich Tchaikovsky’s
Birthday, Richard Tolman,
1887 –Friday- Here in my car
I feel safest of all
I can lock all my doors
It's the only way to live
Here in my car
I can only receive
I can listen to you
It keeps me stable for days
In cars………Gary Numan…………. Gottlieb Daimler unveiled his first automobile and then had test runs in
1913 –Tuesday- Recalling that U.S Presidents used to be inaugurated on or about the fourth of March (now January 20), President Woodrow Wilson delivered his first inaugural address. And in
1797 - In the
first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times,
John Adams was sworn in as President of the
1837 -Martin Van Buren First President the first president who was not born a British subject. This was the first time the President-elect and President rode to the Capitol for the Inauguration together. The initial departure was delayed as Van Buren and Andrew Jackson argued over who called “shotgun” before they got in the wagon.
1841 - William H. Harrison became the First President
to arrive in
1853 - Party pooper Franklin Pierce Affirmed the oath of office rather than swear it; cancelled the Inaugural ball.
1857 - James Buchanan’s was the First Inauguration known to have been photographed
1897 - William
McKinley’s was the first Inaugural ceremony recorded by a motion picture camera
and McKinley was the first President to have a glass-enclosed reviewing stand.
He could have used that in 1901 when he was assassinated in
1921 - Warren G. Harding was the first President to ride to and from his Inauguration in an automobile.
1908 –Wednesday- The Collinwood's
1929 –Monday- With the inauguration of Herbert Hoover as
President, Charles Curtis became the first native-American Vice
President. Curtis had served as a Congressman from
1934-Sunday- Happy Birthday, Jane Goodall, British scientist famous for her work involving the social and family life (including tool making) of chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania. In 1977, Goodall established the Jane Goodall Institute (JGI), which supports the Gombe research and is a global leader in the effort to protect chimpanzees and their habitats. Today, the park is ravaged by logging, and home to only about 40 chimps, who live confined to a few protected square miles. Yes, her chosen vocation involved monkeying around with primates
messin' with murder incorporated
Now you check over your shoulder everywhere that you go
Walkin down the streets, there's eyes in every shadow
You better take a look around you (come on now)
That equipment you got's so outdated
You can't compete with murder incorporated
Everywhere you look now there's murder incorporated…….Bruce Springsteen………… Louis “Lepke” Buchalter, head of Murder Incorporated was kaputed at Sing Sing Prison in
1959-Wednesday- “A little to the left….no, no…more to the
right…now up just a bit and …… the
Atomic power came to Antarctica as the Atomic Energy Commission
announced that the first atomic power plant in Antarctica, the PM-3A, Naval
Nuclear Power Unit, was in operation at
1979-Sunday- With this ring I promise I'll always love you, always love
With this ring I promise I'll always love you, always love you…..The Platters……A ring around the planet Jupiter was discovered by the Voyager 1 spacecraft launched in 1977. This ring lies roughly 31,000 miles (50,000 km) above the top cloud layer of this planet and inside the orbit of the innermost moon. The outer edge of the ring is sharply defined, but it is only a few tens of kilometers thick. The dark particles that make up the ring may have been chipped off by meteorite impacts on two small moons that lie very close to the ring itself. Subsequently rings have been discovered around Uranus and Neptune also.
1982 –Thursday- NASA launched Intelsat V, major advancement in satellite communications. It had something to do with Ku and C bands but Professor Sy Yentz tends to glaze over at this stuff. Maybe it was “K U and the Sunshine Band”…..no, no, no actually, the ku band is used particularly for editing and broadcasting satellite television. The first commercial television network to extensively utilize the Ku Band for most of its affiliate feeds was NBC, in 1983. Somehow this may be responsible for the epidemic the dread disease, Enhancius Cheekius which causes excessive plastic surgery in those with too much dispensable income
1985 -Monday The Food and Drug Administration
approved a blood test for AIDS. It has since been used for screening all blood donations in the
1991 –Monday- The "Rotoblator," an
artery cleaning tool, was announced by Dr. Maurice Buchbinder at the annual
meeting of the
1994 –Friday- The launch of Discovery, STS-62, for a 13 day, 23 hours, 16 minutes, 41 seconds mission. Unbeknownst to the crew of John H. Casper , CommanderAndrew M. Allen , Pilot,Pierre J. Thuot , Mission Specialist 1, Charles D. Gemar, Mission Specialist and Marsha S. Ivins , Mission Specialist 3, space microbes were brought back to Earth. These microbes created a mutant gene that causes people to talk loudly on their cell phones while waiting to pay at the check out counter.
2006 –Saturday Hello, hello, hello
Is there anybody in there?
Just nod if you can hear me.
Is there anyone at home? …….Pink Floyd………A final contact attempt with Pioneer 10 by the Deep Space Network was made. No response was received. Sort of like when you call your cable TV company. Originally designed for a 21-month mission, Pioneer 10 lasted more than 30 years. It was launched from
–Sunday- Happy Birthday,
King Henry II of England, the first Plantagenet king and son of the Empress
Matilda and Henry I. Henry married
Eleanor of Aquitaine, was the father of Kings Richard I, and John (the only
King John so he doesn’t get a number).
He was also responsible for the death of his former friend Thomas
Becket. Henry was among the most effective of all
1324 –Sunday- Happy Birthday, David II, King of Scotland, the son
of the great King Robert the Bruce (brother of Lenny the Bruce) . David ascended to the throne at age five. Continuing
what would be a centuries long Scottish tradition his guardians lost a series
of battles to King Edward III of
–Thursday- King Henry VII “hired”
Giovanni Caboto of
Happy Birthday, Gerard Mercator, Flemish geographer and map maker. His Mercator projection map developed
in 1569 is the one that makes
1558 –Wednesday- Smokin' in the boys'
Smokin' in the boys' room
Now, teacher, don't you fill me up with your rules
But everybody knows that smokin' ain't allowed in school.
1574 –Sunday- Slip
sliding away, slip sliding away
You know the nearer your destination, the more you slip sliding away….Paul Simon….. Happy Birthday, William Oughtred, English mathematician who is best known for his invention the slide rule. He also invented many new symbols including X for multiplication and :: for proportion. In 1620, Edmund Gunter plotted a logarithmic scale along a single straight two foot long ruler. He added and subtracted lengths by using a pair of dividers, operations that were equivalent to multiplying and dividing. In 1630 Oughtred invented a circular slide rule. In 1632 he used two Gunter rulers so that he could do away with the dividers. The present form of the slide rule was designed in 1850 by a French army officer, Amedee Mannheim.
1616-Thursday- The Copernican theory of the sun-centered Solar System was declared "false and erroneous" in a decree written by Cardinal Robert Bellarmine. It was a reaction to the publication of Paolo Antonio Foscarini's book, the intriguingly titled tract Lettera sopra l'Opinione de' Pittagorici, e del Copernico della Mobilità della Terra, e Stabilità del Sole, e del Nuove Pittagorica Systema del Mondo ("Letter concerning the Opinion of the Pythagoreans and Copernicus about the Mobility of the Earth and Stability of the Sun, and about the New Pythagorean System of the World"), defending the Copernican system from the charge that it clashed with the Scriptures. Bellarmine said that the theory was poopy. He then said to Galileo, “bite me”, followed by “If mama ain't happy, ain't nobody happy “, Bellarmine then warned Galileo to cease promulgation of the theory. When Galileo did not cease and violated the decree, he was put on trial and held under house arrest for the final eight years of his life. Bellarmine was canonized in 1930.
1749-Monday- Every boy wants a girl
He can trust to the very end
Baby, that's you
Won't you wait but 'til then
When I see lips beggin' to be kissed (stop)
I can't stop (stop)
I can't stop myself
Lightning is striking again
Lightning is striking again ……..Lou Christie……..Benjamin Franklin installed a lightning rod on his home in Philadelphia. Even then he couldn't get cable T.V. We presume he was not shocked by this. In addition to wanting to prove that lightning was electricity,
1770-Saturday- The “Boston Massacre” (the original massacre
had nothing to do with the Yankees and Red Sox) occurred as a mob of American
colonists gathered at the Customs House in Boston to protest the occupation of
their city by British troops. The troops
had been sent to
1821-Monday Presidents used to be inaugurated on March 4. Since March 4 was a Sunday this year, the “no inauguration on the Sabbath” rule went into effect and James Monroe (the fifth president –with John Adams being the exception- four of the first five were from Virginia) was inaugurated on this day, March 5. The Twentieth Amendment to the Constitution changed the presidential inauguration date from March 4 to January 20. The change was first instituted in 1937 for Franklin D. Roosevelt but the “no inauguration on the Sabbath” rule is still in effect.
Birthday, Sir C. Wyville Thomson, Scottish naturalist who was one of the first
marine biologists to describe life in the ocean depths. Thomson was
director of the scientific work of the Challenger
expedition (1872-76) and wrote an account of the cruise, The Voyage of the Challenger (1877). Earlier, he participated in three deep-sea
dredging expeditions (1868-70) and obtained evidence that animal life abounded
in depths previously believed to be azoic. Among the life forms discovered were
non English speaking cabbies in
1830 –Friday- Happy Birthday, Étienne-Jules Marey, French physiologist and chronophotographer, and birthday twin of Wyville Thompson (see above) who while studying how blood moves in the body invented the sphygmograph. This device made a graphical record of the pulse and variations in blood pressure. He published, Le mouvement dans les fonctions de la vie. While the sphygmograph went a long way towards standardizing the measuring of the pulse, it never replaced palpation—the measurement of the pulse by touch. Later, Marey immersed himself into the study of flight, first of insects and then birds. His aim was to understand how a wing interacted with the air to cause the animal to move.
1868 –Thursday- The stapler was patented in
–Tuesday- Stop, in the name of love
Before you brake my heart
Think it o o over…..The Supremes……..George Westinghouse patented the air brake. Initially used as brake for railway trains, the invention went through several modifications through the years, but it was a revolutionary invention for railways as it allowed trains to travel at higher speeds more safely. It is now also used in big trucks, buses, amusement park rides and controlling flatulence.
Birthday, Edouard Belin, inventor in 1907 of the phototelegraphic
apparatus. This was a system that was
able to send photographs, via telephone and telegraphic networks. Today’s photo
copiers work on the same principal. Belin’s first telephoto
1893 -Sunday"Hey Culligan Man"....Happy Birthday, Emmett J. Culligan, inventor of the water-softening device. And what is water softening? Hard water contains calcium and magnesium which can cause "scale" to form on the inside of pipes, water heaters, tea kettles and so on. The calcium and magnesium precipitate out of the water and stick to things. The scale doesn't conduct heat well and it also reduces the flow through pipes. Eventually, pipes can become completely clogged. Ew! With a water softener the calcium and magnesium ions in the water are replaced with sodium ions. Since sodium does not precipitate out in pipes or react badly with soap, both of the problems of hard water are eliminated.
1904 –Saturday- It's like thunder and lightning,
the way you love me is frightening.
You better knock, knock on wood, baby. ………Eddie Floyd…..One hundred and fifty five years to the day after Benjamin Franklin’s installation of a lightening rod, Serbian/American inventor and physicist, Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, described the process of ball lightning formation, a rare phenomenon that resembles a glowing sphere of electricity. Ball lightening is observed floating or moving through the atmosphere close to the ground in the shape of a glowing red ball that can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. Typically associated with thunderstorms, these spheres are thought to consist of ionized gas.
1915 –Friday- Happy Birthday, Laurent Schwartz ( brother of Bermuda Schwartz), French mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal (the Mathematics equivalent of the Nobel Prize) in 1950 for his work in functional analysis. And what is functional analysis you may ask? Functional analysis is the branch of mathematics, and specifically of analysis, concerned with the study of vector spaces and operators acting upon them. That should clear things us nicely…..if you know what a vector space is, that is. According to Wolfram Mathworld, A vector space is a set that is closed under finite vector addition and scalar multiplication. The basic example is -dimensional Euclidean space , where every element is represented by a list of real numbers, scalars are real numbers, addition is componentwise, and scalar multiplication is multiplication on each term separately. So there.
1934 –Monday Happy Birthday, Daniel Kahneman American psychologist who was awarded a share of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2002 "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty." No one disputed the prize because no one could understand the explanation. However, Kahneman performed his research in order to increase understanding of how people make economic decisions. He drew on cognitive psychology in relation to the mental processes used in forming judgments and making choices. This obtuse explanation would from the same organization that in 2008 awarded President Barack Obama a Nobel Peace Prize for doing …….well…..he didn’t really do anything.
– Saturday- Mother in Law Mother In Law
Mother in Law Mother In Law
The worst person I know
(Mother-in law, mother-in law)
(Mother-in law, mother-in law)
A she worries me, so
If she'd leave us alone
A we would have a happy home
Sent from down below
Mother in Law Mother in Law …..Ernie K. Doe…………The first Mother-in-Law Day was celebrated in
–Tuesday- When mass murderers
collide. Following the invasion of
1943 –Friday- The premiere of Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman. This sequel to sequel to both the Ghost of Frankenstein and The Wolf Man, would be followed next by House Of Frankenstein. “A Death Fight . . . Between Two Beasts !” First, Lawrence Talbot, the Wolfman is resurrected. Whoops! He’s still a wolfman so he goes in search of Dr. Frankenstein for help but Dr. Frankenstein is no more. Complications arise and somehow Talbot finds Frankenstein’s monster frozen in ice. Once thawed out and epic battle ensues. The film is notable for Dracula himself, Bela Lugosi, playing Frankenstein’s monster. Frankenstein would turn into quite the social butterfly with follow up movies; Frankenstein Meets the Space Monster, Frankenstein Meets Dracula, and, of course Bud Abbott and Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein.
1946 –Tuesday- Winston Churchill delivered his famous
"Iron Curtain" speech at
the weather outside is frightful
But the fire is so delightful
And since we've no place to go
Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! …………lyricist Sammy Cahn, composer Jule Styne….. Snow fell at the 8,500 ft. level on Hakeakala,
1953 –Thursday- Malevolent Communist Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, one of the most
evil humans in history, went kaput at age 73 after 29 years in power, responsible for millions of deaths. After
coming to the fore under Lenin in the early 1920s, he gradually assumed control
of the Communist Party and the country by subtly liquidating all rivals, real
and imagined. In 1934 and 1938 he inaugurated a massive purge of the party,
government, armed forces, and intelligentsia in which millions of so-called
‘enemies of the people’ were imprisoned, exiled, and executed. In 1939 he
signed the Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler and attacked
1958 –Wednesday- Explorer 2 kaput as the unmanned spacecraft launched, but failed to reach Earth orbit. That means it crashed. In the days before NASA, Explorer was the U.S Army’s space project. Three of these attempts ended in failure. They were: Explorer II, RS-26, on 5 March 1958; Explorer V, RS-47, on 24 August 1958; and Explorer VI, RS-49, on 23 October 1958 The three successful ones were Explorer I Explorer III, RS~24, on 26 March 1958 and Explorer IV, RS-44, on 26 July 1958. Explorer IV RS-44 resulted in a rain of nano microbes that caused the annoying disease of Parasitisia Attorneyasisium, the epidemic of personal injury lawyer commercials.
1963-Tuesday- The Hula-Hoop, which had been first marketed by Wham-O in 1958, was finally patented by the company's co-founder, Arthur Melin on this date. Why the six year delay? Wham-O was unable to obtain a patent for their plastic hoop, since a hoop is a hoop no matter what it is made of. However, they were able to market their hoops under the brand name and later trademark of 'Hula Hoop’. You might also know Wham-O from their Frisbees. Melin and co-founder Richard Knerr were inspired to develop the Hula-Hoop after they saw a wooden hoop that Australian children twirled around their waists during gym class. Wham-O began producing a plastic version of the hoop, dubbed "Hula" after Hawaiian dance of the same name. Hula Hoops, while never completely went away, made something of a comeback early in the 21st Century as fitness equipment.
1963 –Tuesday- Country music singer Patsy Cline, her greatest hit
was Crazy, died in a plane crash near
1968 –Tuesday- Meanwhile, on the Explorer front (see 1958 above), the U.S. launched Solar Explorer B, aka Explorer 37 from Wallops Island, off the coast of Virginia, to study the Sun by monitoring solar x-ray emissions. These same x-ray emissions would cause an irresistible urge in some women to get sun tans by lying on machines with UV lights (now called “tanning beds”) that would occasionally turn them orange.)
–Thursday- Dubnium atoms were first
detected conclusively. Dubnium, Atomic Number:
105, Atomic Weight: 268 is named
for n amed for the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at
1973 –Monday- The strangest trade in baseball history. Two New York Yankee pitchers, Fritz Peterson and Mike Kekich announced that they had traded wives. The two loons and their equally loopy spouses, announced they had swapped wives, two children apiece and even family dogs, the Kekiches had a terrier, the Petersons a poodle. Peterson and the female Kekich stayed together but the male Kekich and female Peterson broke up. No word on the dogs.
1982 –Friday- Actor/comedian
John Belushi was found kaput of a drug overdose at age 33. Belushi was injected
with a "speedball," a potent mixture of heroin and cocaine. Early
that afternoon the wasted comedian was dead in his hotel bed, and a
–Friday- Venera 14,after a four month cruise to Venus landed on the planet at
13,25° S, 310° E (about 950 km southwest of where Venera
13 had landed) on a basaltic plain. The
lander had cameras to take pictures of the ground and spring-loaded arms to
measure the compressibility of the soil. The camera windows were covered by
lens caps which popped off after descent. In a
The lander survived for 57 minutes (the planned design life was 32 minutes) in an environment with a temperature of 465 °C and a pressure of 94 Earth atmospheres (9.5 MPa). No word on the lens cap survival.
? his daughter
Chubby Clementine. …………Bobby Darin……….. NASA announced that the Clementine probe orbiting the Moon had found enough water to support a human colony……In fact a colony was already there! In the years since then immigrants from the Moon Colony have returned to Earth. They are easy to identify by their uncontrollable urges towards self mutilation via tattoos and body piercings.
2004 –Friday- Relentless self promoter, talentless and inexplicably popular TV doyenne, Martha Stewart was convicted for, conspiracy, making false statement and obstruction of justice. She had conveniently unloaded 3,298 shares of ImClone Systems stock just before the price plummeted. She would go on to make the list for the National Enquirer's "Worst Celebrity Beach Bodies of 2006".
6. 1340 –Sunday - Happy Birthday- John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and one of William Shakespeare’s favorite characters. John, the son of Edward III, wasn’t gaunt but
was born in
1405 –Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Juan II, King of
1475-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian
Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, and poet. Michelangelo’s paintings and sculptures changed the art
forever. In a body of work that lasted over seventy years, he is probably most
famous for his sculptures of the Pieta,
now in St. Peter’s in
1521 –Sunday- After months at
sea, Ferdinand Magellan arrived at
1619-Wednesday- Happy Birthday Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, satirist, and dramatist, whose life has been the basis of many romantic but unhistorical legends. Cyrano is more famous for what was written about him, notably, Edmond Rostand’s verse drama Cyrano de Bergerac in1897 from which almost everything else is derived, than his actual life. The drama featured his conspicuous proboscis. Also of note is his rather unheroic denouement – he was hit on the head by a falling plank as he was walking down a street.
1806-Thursday- "How do I love thee. Let me count the
ways...." from the Sonnets from the
Birthday, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet. A self taught
classical scholar, during her teenage years, instead of texting her friends, she
read the principal Greek and Latin authors and Dante's Inferno — all in the original languages. She even learned
enough Hebrew to read the Old Testament from beginning to end. In 1821,
1812 –Friday As I was walking down the street one day
A man came up to me and asked me what
The time was that was on my watch, yeah...And I said
(I don't) Does anybody really know what time it is
(Care) Does anybody really care (about time)
If so I can't imagine why (Oh no, no)
We've all got time enough to cry……Chicago…………… Happy Birthday, Aaron Lufkin Dennison, who, in 1850, and began to produce the first inexpensive factory-made watches with interchangeable parts to enhance quality and lower the price of watches. He is regarded as the father of American watch making. Yes, another “father of”… We’ve compiled a fairly comprehensive “fathers of list thanks to Economic Expert.com. See
1834 –Thursday- With its population, reaching 9,000,
1836-Sunday- Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie, Colonel William
Travis, John Wayne, Fess Parker, Dennis Quaid, Billy Bob Thornton, Richard
Widmark, James Arness, Brian Keith, Laurence Harvey and 186 other Americans
were killed as the 13 day siege of the Alamo ended when it was overrun by
General Santa Ana's Mexican Army troops. Santa Anna's army arrived in
1853 –Sunday- Libiamo, libiamo ne'lieti calici
che la belleza infiora.
E la fuggevol ora s'inebrii
Libiamo ne'dolci fremiti
che suscita l'amore,
poich quell'ochio al core
Libiamo, amore fra i calici
pi caldi baci avr.
amor fra i calici
Pi caldi baci avr................Composer Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata,based on Alexandre Dumas's play, La Dame aux Camélias, premiered at Teatro la Fenice, Venice, Italy.
1857 –Friday- In the Dred Scott decision, the United States
Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice, Roger Taney, issued a ruling in which the
court affirmed the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the western
territories. This negated the doctrine of popular sovereignty and severely
undermined the platform of the newly created Republican Party. Dred Scott was a
slave whose owner, an army doctor, had spent time in
1869 –Saturday- There's antimony, arsenic, aluminum, selenium,
And hydrogen and oxygen and nitrogen and rhenium,
And nickel, neodymium, neptunium, germanium,
And iron, americium, ruthenium, uranium,
Europium, zirconium, lutetium, vanadium,
And lanthanum and osmium and astatine and radium,
And gold and protactinium and indium and gallium,
And iodine and thorium and thulium and thallium.
There's yttrium, ytterbium, actinium, rubidium,
And boron, gadolinium, niobium, iridium,
And strontium and silicon and silver and samarium,
And bismuth, bromine, lithium, beryllium, and barium.
Isn't that interesting? ……Tom Lehrer……..Russian chemist, Dmitry Mendeleev published his first version of the periodic table of the elements. His original notes read; “there are a lot of them and they have long names that get confusing and lots of them really smell bad and some of them explode”. Of course being Russian, he would have said “Есть много и они имеют длинные имена, что получить в заблуждение и множество из них очень плохой запах, а некоторые из них взорвались”. When Mendeleev became a professor of general chemistry at the
1879 –Thursday- Happy Birthday,
Benton MacKaye, American forester, planner, and conservationist. He was a co-founder
of The Wilderness Society, but is best known as the originator of the Appalachian
Trail, an idea he presented in his 1921 article, An
1896- Friday- Ten years after Carl Benz
patented the first gasoline automobile in
1899-Monday "Aspirin" was patented by German chemist, Felix Hoffmann. He had successfully developed the chemically pure and stable form of acetylsalicylic acid in 1897 to help treat his father’s rheumatoid arthritis. In 400 BC Greek physician Hippocrates had prescribed the bark and leaves of the willow tree (rich in a substance called salicin) to relieve pain and fever. Many people broke their teeth before Hippocrates reminded them to “mush the bark up first”. During the 1830’s scientists had discovered and worked with salicin and found, as Hippocrates had found, it gave one temporary relief from pain. The problem was that salicylic acid was tough on stomachs (there was no Tums in those days) resulting in a pain in the aspirin, and a means of 'buffering' the compound was searched for. The first person to find it was a French chemist named Charles Frederic Gerhardt. In 1853, Gerhardt neutralized salicylic acid by buffering it with sodium (sodium salicylate) and acetyl chloride, creating acetylsalicylic acid. Gerhardt's product worked but he had no desire to market it and abandoned his discovery. There it sat until Hoffman, working for the Bayer Company, picked up on the research.
1906-Tuesday- Costello: Well then who's on first?
Costello: I mean the fellow's name.
Costello: The guy on first.
Costello: The first baseman.
Abbott: Who. C
ostello: The guy playing...
Abbott: Who is on first!
Costello: I'm asking YOU who's on first.
Abbott: That's the man's name.
Costello: That's who's name?
Abbott: Yes. Happy Birthday, Lou Costello, American comedian and the heavier half of the team of Abbott and Costello. Famous for vaudeville routines, radio, movies such as Buck Privates, Pardon My Sarong, the excellent The Time of Their Lives, and the monster series with the best being Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein. After their movies had devolved to Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd, with Charles Laughton as Captain Kid, and Abbott and Costello Go to Mars, they turned to television (while still churning out potential Academy Award cinema efforts such as Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops) for the Abbott and Costello television show which ran for fifty three episodes.
1915 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Pete Gray, American baseball player. Pete Gray was unique in the history of
baseball. He had only one arm. Playing with only his left arm, he came to
national attention in 1944 when he batted .333 for minor league,
1927-Sunday- Lots of astronaut birthdays this month. Happy Birthday, Gordon Cooper, one of the original 7 American astronauts. Can you name the other six? Hint: they are not Dopey, Sneezy, Doc, Bashful…………… On May 15-16, 1963, he piloted the Faith 7 spacecraft on a 22-orbit mission which concluded the operational phase of Project Mercury. During the 34 hours and 20 minutes of flight, Faith 7 Cooper became the first American to sleep in orbit after being forced to watch Meet the Press. Cooper also served as command pilot of the 8-day 120-revolution Gemini 5 mission which began on August 21, 1965.
1930 –Thursday- The first individually packaged frozen foods were put on sale by General Foods - Birds Eye Frosted Foods - in Springfield, Massachusetts. In this test market, the veggies, chicken, and beef proved successful. The frozen musk ox, rattlesnake, pancreas de platypus and prairie dog brains, considerably less so.
1937 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Valentina Tereschova, Soviet cosmonaut who was the first woman to fly in space, and remains the only woman to fly in space solo. That meant she didn’t have to worry about some guy leaving the toilet seat up. She was launched in Vostok 6 on June 16, 1963, two days after Valery F. Bykovsky in Vostok 5. Tereshkova made 48 orbits of Earth in 71 hours. The two cosmonauts both landed on June 19. Tereshkova left the program shortly after her return. The flight was 20 years before that of the first American woman into space, Sally Ride
The first air conditioned naval ship, the USS
Newport News was launched from the shipbuilding yard
1947 –Thursday- Happy Birthday, Dick Fosbury, American high jumper. Prior to Fosbury, high jumpers would approach the bar and throw their leg over and roll with the body to follow. Fosbury created the “Fosbury Flop” in which he ran to bar at speed and heaved himself over leading with his head then shoulders with both legs following. All contemporary high jumpers use variations of the “Fosbury Flop”.
1950-Monday- Silly Putty was introduced as a toy by Peter
Hodgson. Hodgson, unemployed at the
time, packaged one-ounce portions of the rubber-like material in plastic eggs.
It could be stretched, rolled into a bouncing ball, or used to transfer colored
ink from newsprint. Silly Putty was discovered in 1943 by scientist James
Wright, who was working on a synthetic rubber substitute – there was a shortage
of rubber - for General Electric during World War II. While the mixture of
silicone oil and boric acid was a dud as a rubber substitute, the substance did
have some unique properties. Wright found that it could be molded, stretched
and bounced. Perhaps if the idea had
caught on in 1943, they would have sold tires in giant plastic eggs. Hodgson attended a party at which "nutty putty" (as it
was called) was the main entertainment. Seeing its marketing potential as a
children's toy, Hodgson borrowed $147, bought the production rights from GE,
and began producing the goo. He renamed it Silly Putty®, and packaged it in plastic
eggs because Easter was on the way. http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/sillyputty.html The march of progress - Binney & Smith, the
manufacturer of Silly Putty, makes between 17,000 and 20,000 "eggs" a
day at its plant in
1959 –Friday- Bo-bo, doo-doot-doo-doo-doo-doo)
(There she goes) (doo-doot-doo-doo-doo-doo)
(There she goes) (doo-doot-doo-doo-doo-doo)
There goes , movin' on down the line
Wonder where, wonder where, wonder where she is bound?
I broke her heart and made her cry
Now I'm alone, so all alone
What can I do, what can I do?
(There goes ) Whoa-oh-oh-oh-oh
(There goes my ) Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah
(There goes my ) Whoa-oh-oh-oh
(There she goes) Yeah! (There she goes) ……………The Drifters recorded There Goes My Baby. Written by lead singer Ben E. King, Jerry Lieber and Mike Stoller. By the time There Goes My Baby"was finished, the song's tempo slowed to a ballad, and Ben E. King took over as lead vocal after Charlie Thomas went through a few takes. In a fit of inspiration, producers Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller mixed in a string section and tympani to the song, something seldom attempted in an R&B record. http://www.chuckthewriter.com/drifters.html The single was released with Save the Last Dance for Me on the B-side. There Goes My Baby went on to score #2 on the Hot 100 and #1 on the R&B charts. It is also ranked #193 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
1985 –Wednesday- Getting to know you, getting to know all about you.
Getting to like you, getting to hope you like me.
Getting to know you, putting it my way,
You are precisely,
My cup of tea. …Oscar Hammerstein……..Yul Brynner, who knew a good thing when he had it, appeared in his 4,500th performance of The King and
1988- SundayOn this date 1853, La Traviata had its debut. Proving that the taste of the music loving public can never be underestimated, Rick Astley’s Never Gonna Give You Up became the number one song. This resulted in an anniversary year malaise as exactly one year later…
1989 –Monday- Debbie Gibson’s Lost in Your Eyes became number 1.
1994-Sunday- This day began the
experiment known as Biosphere 2, a glass enclosed ecosystem. A group of seven people
from five countries began a study in self-contained living. The aim was to live
within the structure, supported by the several simulated types of ecosystems inside
and to provide information which might be applied to solving ecological
problems created by man. Biosphere 2
was built in the desert outside of Oracle,
2009 –Friday- NASA's
Kepler mission lifted off without a
hitch just before 11 p.m. local time Friday from Cape Canaveral Air Force
Rob Roy's from the Highlands come
Unto our lowland border
And he has stolen a lady awa'
To keep his house in order
"Come go with me, my dear," he said
"Come go with me, my honey
And you shall be my own true wedded wife
I love you best of onie" ….Unknown…….Happy Birthday, Rob Roy McGregor, better known as Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero. The name 'Rob Roy' comes from the Celtic for 'Red Robert', a reference to his red hair. The legend of Rob Roy grew out of his famous feud with the Duke of Montrose. As with all farmers and ranchers, Rob Roy found it difficult to get money expand his regular cattle business and turned to Montrose for a loan (or investment money). Rob Roy claimed that one of his men ran off with £1000. Montrose claimed Rob stole the money. Montrose quickly became the “bad guy” in this tale of rich vs. poor. He brought charges of embezzlement against Rob hoping to gain his lands. Failing to answer the charge, Rob Roy was declared an outlaw and began his campaign of harassment against the Duke (rustling his cattle). Rob Roy rallied the MacGregor clan and led them in battle against the English, making many successful raids. Afterwards, he was tried for treason and lived life on the run, being captured twice but making spectacular escapes both times. Finally, in 1725, he turned himself in and received a pardon from the king, George 1. He died quietly at home in 1734.
1788-Friday- Happy Birthday- Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who was the first to use electrolysis as a means of isolating metals from their ores. Becquerel also conducted innovative work on voltaic cells, in which he solved the problem of how electricity in the cell is produced. He demonstrated that electricity is generated by the contact of dissimilar bodies when they are rubbed together, differ in temperature, or react together, and that every chemical reaction is capable of producing electricity. He was the grandfather of Henri Becquerel who discovered radio activity.
1792-Wednesday- A good month for Herschels (see William Herschel
and Caroline Herschel) as well as
astronaut births. Happy Birthday Sir
John Herschel (who opened a tavern and called it, yes..........a “
1814 –Monday- The
1849-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Luther Burbank, American
botanist, born in
1854-Tuesday- Charles Miller of St. Louis,
1857 –Saturday- The Baseball rules committee stated that 9
innings shall constitute an official game rather than the previous requirement
of a team scoring 9 runs. Also, the first time‚ the rules specify 9 men to a
side‚ even though the game had been played that way since 1845. In this way
they could end a game, tied at 7, that began in summer of 1856. The players were getting a bit tired. The rules committee then met at the first
baseball convention, held in
1862-Friday -Ever play in a playground?
Happy Birthday, Joseph Lee, inventor and "Father of the American
playground movement," who introduced the first contemporary neighborhood
playground in the
1872 –Thursday- Happy Birthday, Piet Mondrian, Dutch neoplasticism painter. His most famous compositions are made up of black lines and colored rectangles and his most famous painting is probably Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue – 1921- composed of primary colors in rectangles on a grid of black lines. And what is neoplasticism? Not surprisingly, it is a style of abstract painting, as found in the work of Mondrian, using black, gray, white, and the primary colors, and horizontal and vertical lines and planes
1875-Sunday- Happy Birthday, Maurice Ravel,
the French composer. He is most famous for
1876-Tuesday- Alexander Graham
Bell received a patent for what he called "Improvement in Telegraphy" which established the principle of the
telephone. He held earlier patents.
1897-Sunday- Dr. John Kellogg served the world's first cornflakes to his patients
at his sanitarium in
–Monday- Happy Birthday, beyz, Reinhard
Heydrich, German Nazi official and one of history’s monsters. Second in
importance to Heinrich Himmler in the Nazi SS hierarchy, he was named
"Hangman Heydrich" . Heydrich
had insatiable greed for power and was a cold, calculating manipulator without
human compassion who was the leading planner of Hitler's Final Solution in
which the Nazis attempted to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe.
The plan was developed at the Wannsee Conference in
1908 –Saturday- Making the statement that is his sole claim to a place in history, Cincinnati's mayor, Mark Breith, suffering from what some called PMS – Pre Mazda Syndrome- announced before the city council that, "Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles." At the time, there were fewer than 200,000 cars in the whole country and they required some strength to start with a hand crank. With the invention of the electric starter in 1911, things began to change and the advertising of the 1920s stressed how easy automobiles were for women to drive. The Gnus, always searching for more information, found that of the twenty eight websites mentioning Mark Breith – we searched Mark Brieth biography- his pronouncement on women’s automotive driving skills was the citation at every site. Party affiliation? Reaction from city council? Reaction from women – aside from the one who crashed into his car that morning- nada, zilch.
1911-Tuesday- No change? No place to put your clothes at the gym because it’s a coin operated locker? Blame it on Willis Farnworth of Petaluma California who patented the coin-operated locker. Farnsworth and co-inventor, William H. Reed called the infernal machine a "Magazine Hinge and Conveyer". They assigned their invention to the Coin Controlled Lock Co.
1923-Wednesday “ the woods are dark and deep and I have promises to keep. And miles to go before I sleep…..” The New Republic published Robert Frost's poem Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening
1926- The first successful trans-Atlantic
radio-telephone conversation took place, between
1930 –Friday- Happy Birthday, Stanley L. Miller, American chemist who conducted a series of famous experiments beginning in 1953, to determine the possible origin of life from inorganic chemicals on the primeval, just-formed earth. So how did life begin on Earth? It remains an unanswered question although we could always ask Larry King who some believe was the result of the development of life from inorganic materials.
The game "Monopoly" was created and
trademarked by Charles Darrow in
Monday- Happy Birthday, Janet
Guthrie, American race car driver, Janet Guthrie was the first woman ever to
drive in the Indianapolis 500 and Daytona 500 auto races, both in 1977. We not also that on this day in 1908
Cinncinnati mayor, Mark Breith announced before the city council that,
"Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles." In 1977 at
1938 –Monday- Happy Birthday, David Baltimore, American
microbiologist. In 1970 he and his wife Alice Huang discovered a virus caused
by an enzyme that could transcribe DNA into RNA. The virus was later identified
as congressman Henry Waxman of
1939 -Tuesday Guy Lombardo and his
Royal Canadians recorded Scottish poet Robert Burns’ composition, Auld
Lang Syne on Decca Records. He had been playing it on his radio broadcasts
for a number of years. "The Sweetest Music This Side of Heaven" was
the logo of Lombardo & His Royal Canadians, who by 1930 had established
1946 –Thursday- Remember Leave it to Beaver? Remember the father played by Hugh Beaumont? Well on this date we saw the premiere of Murder is My Business, a film noir starring Hugh Beaumont as private eye Michael Shayne. The movie co-starred Cheryl Walker, Lyle Talbot and George Meeker.
1955 –Monday Producer’s Showcase on NBC – premiered Peter Pan starring Mary Martin. Co-starring Cyril Ritchard as Captain Hook and featuring Kathleen Nolan (who would go on to star with Richard Crenna and Walter Brennan in The Real McCoys), with choreography by Jerome Robbins, the show would become a television classic. Peter Pan proved an immediate and spectacular success, garnering an overnight rating of 48. The production was remounted, live, in January of 1956 and was rebroadcast annually for years thereafter. It was singled out in the 1955 Emmys as the best single program of the year.
1957 –Thursday- “Happy,
happy birthday, baby
Although you're with somebody new
Thought I'd drop a line to say
That I wish this happy day
Would find me beside you.”
One of the great early “girl groups”…..sort of…the group consisted of Margo Sylvia, her husband, Johnny Sylvia, her brother Gilbert Lopez, and Charlotte Davis. The Tune Weavers recorded Happy Happy Birthday Baby on Casa Grande Records. The song went nowhere. Later in the year it was “discovered” by Dick Clark (before he became a self promoting cliché, he did great things for Rock and Roll). It was re-recorded on Chess Records and became a major hit and a standard “birthday song” despite its bittersweet message.
1965 – The number one song on the Billboard Charts was the Beatles’ Eight Days a Week. A year later it was Barry Sadler’s Ballad of the Green Berets.
1979-Wednesday- There was now a third planet surrounded by rings as scientists
discovered a ring around Jupiter while examining photographs taken by the Voyager 1 spacecraft. The rings of
Saturn had been known since 1610. Astronomers had recognized rings around
Uranus in 1977. And yes, post 1979, they
have found rings around
1981 –Saturday - In the sequels rarely work department, Bring Back Birdie, the decades later sequel to Bye Bye Birdie, went kaput after four performances. The show starred a creaky Donald O’Connor, making his Broadway debut after over a hundred years in show business and Chita Rivera resurrected from the original show). It was directed by Joe Layton who also “conceived” the bomb. Critic Frank Rich in The New York Times said “''Bring Back Birdie,' which begins as an amiable shambles, devolves into total chaos. Mr. Stewart unleashes a slew of confused, satirically toothless subplots that involve everything from an extramarital affair to a Hare Krishna cult to a fraudulent funeral to the heretofore secret identity of Albert's domineering mother (Maria Karnilova). By the end, the show has run off in so many cryptic directions that you may think each member of the cast has been handed a different lousy script. The score that interrupts this book has a death wish….
1986-Friday- Susan Butcher won the Iditarod
dogsled race from Anchorage to Nome Alaska in 11 days, 5 hours, and 6 minutes.
She later discovered she could have done it in seconds if she clicked her heels
together as repeated "There's no place like
1986 –Friday- NASA had said and most people had believed that the Challenger Astronauts had died instantly in the explosion of January 28. They were wrong. The astronauts were alive all the way down. They worked frantically to save themselves through the plummeting arc that would take them 2 minutes and 45 seconds to smash into the ocean. On this day, a horrible discovery was made as divers from the USS Preserver located wreckage of the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger lying on the ocean bottom in 100 feet of water. Challenger exploded 73 seconds into its flight, killing all seven aboard. The crew members were commander Francis Scobee, pilot Michael Smith, Ellison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Gregory Jarvis and teacher Christa McAuliffe. On first inspection, it was obvious that the shuttle Challenger’s crew vessel had survived the explosion during ascent.
Cyclone Bola hit
1989 –Tuesday- Poland accused the
1996-Thursday- The first surface photos of the dwarf planet Kuiper Belt Object that used to be a planet Pluto were released. Although the only solar-system (at the time) planet never visited by spacecraft, it was successfully photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The Gnus wonders if they would have bothered if it had only been a dwarf planet in 1996. Most of the surface features are likely produced by frosts that migrate across Pluto's surface with its orbital and seasonal cycles. Pluto isn't large enough to retain much of an atmosphere, but it has a thin one that appears to be mostly nitrogen with some methane. We know essentially nothing about Pluto's interior at this point.
1618-Thursday- Johann Kepler formulated his Third Law of Planetary Motion. The law states that all “A fixed number of popular science fiction movie creatures must be cute enough to be turned into action figures”. No, no , no it’s also known as the Harmonic Law and unlike the first and second laws, which describe the motion characteristics of a single planet, the third law requires a harmonica and makes a comparison between the motion characteristics of different planets. The ratio of the squares of the revolutionary periods for two planets is equal to the ratio of the cubes of their semi major axes. The comparison being made is that the ratio of the squares of the periods to the cubes of their average distances from the sun is the same for every one of the planets. Nothing like a developmentally appropriate explanation and we hope that clears it up for you. Kepler realized that the orbits of the planets were not the circles demanded by Aristotle and assumed implicitly by Copernicus, but were instead the "flattened circles" called ellipses. Kepler's laws were derived for orbits around the sun, but they apply to satellite orbits as well.
Mount Etna, a volcano on the
1700ish –Mondayish- No one is sure of
the date of the birth, some sources give “late 1690s” of pirate Anne Bonny but 1700 is as good as any.
1702-Wednesday- Queen Anne, daughter of the deposed Catholic
king, James II, and the last Stuart ruler, ascended
the British throne after the kapution of her brother in law, William III. Anne, like William was a Protestant. The second daughter of James II, Anne supported the
overthrow of her father by her sister Mary and the diminutive William of Orange
in 1688 (the "Glorious Revolution").
Anne was in ill health during most of her reign. This was understandable
because, married to Prince George of Denmark since 1683, she endured 17 or 18
ill-fated pregnancies (only one of her children lived past infancy, and he died
at the age of 12). With no
issue, 0 for 17 is not good…..she was succeeded after her demise in 1714 by the Teutonic George I of
1765 –Friday- The British House of Lords approved the Stamp
Act to tax the American colonies. It would be signed two weeks later by King
George III (see Queen Anne, 1702 above). Facing a massive national debt
following the Seven Years War (known as the French & Indian War in
– Wednesday He's
a rebel and he'll never ever be any good
He's a rebel and he'll never ever be understood
And just because he doesn't do what everybody else does
That's no reason why I can't give him all my love
He is always good to me, always treats me tenderly
'Cause he's not a rebel, no no no
He's not a rebel, no no no, to me…………..The Crystals………Famous for his pamphlets, particularly Common Sense, Thomas Paine's African Slavery in America was published. It was the first article in the
1782-Friday The Gnadenhütten
four hours to go I wanna be sedated
Nothin' to do and no where to go-o-oh I wanna be sedated….The Ramones…. This gentleman’s birthday should be a day of celebration in acting, celebrity and wealthy circles. Happy Birthday, Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe, German surgeon who helped to create modern plastic surgery. All of his early patients ended up looking like Michael Jackson. He improved the rhinoplastic process, and its revival was chiefly due to him. He based his work on 16th-century surgeon Gasparo Tagliacozzi’s “Italian method” of plastic surgery on the nose which uses a skin graft from the upper arm. Gräfe also developed an operation for repairing a cleft palate and made technical improvements in the administration of blood transfusions. Just like, beer on St. Patrick’s Day, perhaps
–Thursday- Happy Birthday, Alvan
Clark, American astronomer
and maker of astronomical lenses. Together with his sons, George Bassett Clark,
and Alvan Graham Clark, he founded Alvan Clark & Sons at Cambridgeport,
Massachusetts.It became famous as the manufacturer of the largest and finest
telescope lenses. The first achromatic lenses made in the
1836-Tuesday- Well the dawn was
heard him ringing on my bell.
He said, ``My name's the teacher,
that is what I call myself.
And I have a lesson
that I must impart to you.
It's an old expression
but I must insist it's true.
Jump up, look around,
find yourself some fun,
no sense in sitting there hating everyone. ……….Jethro Tull………Happy Birthday, Sir Michael Foster, English physiologist and educator who introduced modern methods of teaching biology and physiology that emphasize the laboratory training that we still see today. Foster's use of laboratory experimentation and research became standard in the teaching of the biological sciences in English universities and then spread to other countries. Barbara Hawgood notes in the Journal of Medical Biography that Foster, a great teacher, had a remarkable ability to attract talented students and to inspire them to undertake research. He himself took inspiration from the scientific philosophy of Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–95) and of Claude Bernard (1813–78).
1841-Monday- Happy Birthday, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, United States Supreme Court justice from 1902-1932. He was the son of the son of the prominent poet and physician, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. and abolitionist Amelia Lee Jackson. Holmes Jr. served as first lieutenant in the Twentieth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He saw action, from the Peninsula Campaign to the Wilderness, suffering wounds at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, Antietam, and Fredericksburg and achieved some early notoriety by yelling at Abraham Lincoln during the Battle of Fort Stevens, saying "Get down, you fool!" when Lincoln stood, making him a susceptible target for a sniper.
1862 -Saturday In one of the
worst days in American Naval history, the C.S.S
Virginia, formerly the U.S.S Merrimac,
a scuttled Union wooden ship but now covered with armor that was four inches
thick, wrecked havoc at the Union Naval
base in Hampton Roads , Virginia. The
1874 and 1930 and 1999 – What do Millard Fillmore, William Howard Taft and Joe DiMaggio have in common? Former president Millard Fillmore, former president William Howard Taft, and baseball star and American icon, Joe DiMaggio all died on this day.
1879-Saturday- Happy birthday, Otto Hahn, co-discoverer with radiochemist Fritz Strassmann, (the third member of the team, Lise Meitner had to leave Berlin because the Nazis were closing in on all people of Jewish ancestry) of nuclear fission in 1938. Yes, the sign on his lab door said "Gone Fission". He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944 (many thought Lise Meitner should have received a share) and shared the Enrico Fermi Award in 1966 with Strassmann and Lise Meitner. Hahn also discovered protactinium, the long-lived mother substance of the actinium series, and uranium Z, the first case of a nuclear isomerism of radioactive kinds of atoms. He also collaborated with Meitner and Fritz Strassmann on the processes if irradiating uranium and thorium with neutrons and using it to roast marshmallows.
1887 –Tuesday- The first telescopic fishing rod (did you have
to look through it to see a fish?) was patented by Everett Horton, who
according to the Horton Mfg. Co. website, wanted to sneak off and fish on a Sunday in the Puritanical
village of Bristol Connecticut. Not
surprisingly, his rods were called
You now had to be 16 or over to
drive a dog…….or, maybe it allowed dogs to drive….anyway, New York State issued the first dog license
law. All dogs living in
–Saturday- Let's go surfin' now
Everybody's learning how
Come on and safari with me
(Come on and safari with...)
Early in the morning we'll be startin out
Some honeys will be comin' along
We're loadin' up my woody
with the boards inside
and heading out singing our song
Come on (surf route) baby wait and see (surfin' safari)
Yes I'm gonna (surf route) take you surfin' (surfin' safari) with me
Come along (surf route) baby wait and see (surfin' safari)
Yes I'm gonna (surf route) take you surfin' (surfin' safari) with me ……The Beach Boys………......Happy Birthday, Tom Blake, American inventor of the hollow- core surfboard in 1926. Europeans had first seen Hawaiians surfing when Captain James Cook made his ill-fated visit to the islands but Polynesians had been riding waves for over a thousand years. At the beginning of the 20th century, Duke Kahanamoku, already a surfing legend on Oahu and the prototypical "beach boy," traveled to
1917-Thursday-Look what's happening out in the streets
Got a revolution Got to revolution
Hey I'm dancing down the streets
Got a revolution Got to revolution
Ain't it amazing all the people I meet
Got a revolution Got to revolution ….Jefferson Airplane……..In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia's use of the Julian calendar) began with riots and strikes in Petrograd. One week later, centuries of czarist rule in
1945 –Thursday- Happy Birthday, Micky Dolenz, who played Circus Boy on 1950’s television and became a member of The Monkees along with Michael Nesmith, David Jones and Peter Tork during the 1960’s. Dolenz remained a life long Monkee as the other three left, rejoined, left, reunited, left………….
1951 –Thursday- The premiere of the Lemon Drop Kid starring Bob Hope. We mention this because the movie unleashed the Christmas standard, Silver Bells. Co-starring were; Lloyd Nolan, Marilyn Maxwell, Fred Clark, Jay C. Flippen, and William Frawley (pre I Love Lucy).
1962 –Thursday- Dream baby
Got me dreamin' sweet dreams
The whole day through
Got me dreamin' sweet dreams
Night time too
I love you and I'm dreamin' of you
That won't do
Dream baby, make me stop my dreamin'
You can make my dreams come true
Sweet dream baby
Sweet dream baby
Sweet dream baby
How long must I dream The Beatles, with Pete Best on the drums, made their television debut on the BBC show Teenager's Turn (Here We Go) singing Roy Orbison’s Dream Baby. The show was broadcast from 5:00- 5:29 p.m/ In August, fellow Liverpudlian Ringo Starr (born Richard Starkey), then a member of Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, replaced Pete Best.
1964 –Sunday- The Dave Clark Five made their American television debut on, yes Ed Sullivan…who knew a good thing when he had it going with the British Invasion stuff. The Gnus memory of 1964 places the Dave Clark Five (Dave Clark was not the lead singer, he was the drummer) as number two in order in the “invasion” with the Rolling Stones coming next as number three. They performed Glad All Over (a salute to sandwich plastic wrap). Also appearing on the show were, Steve Lawrence (sans Edie Gorme), Jerry Vale, Florence Henderson, Juliet Prowse and Blossom Seeley so the Dave Clark Five were a perfect fit.
1976-Monday- Scientists recovered a 1,756
kg. chunk of meteorite in
1979-Thursday- Volcanoes on Jupiter’s Moon Io (pronounced “eye oh” so Professor Sy Yentz has nicknamed it the “Internal Revenue Moon” as in I owe.)were discovered by Voyager 1. Io was one of four moons discovered by Galileo in 1610. We have learned that Io is literally bursting with volcanic activity. Volcanoes spew out vast amounts of sulfurous material which cover Io's landscape. Not, the best place to spend your vacation, as from Io’s surface, geyserlike eruptions eject dust and gas hundreds of kilometers into space, which fall back to the ground in elegant umbrella-shaped plumes. Some of the hottest temperatures in the solar system outside of the sun are found here, and yet most of the surface is bitterly cold. Volcanic spillage from Io has resulted an isolated brain malfunction on Earth causes some male golfers to wear pink pants on the golf course. Voyager 1 continued on its merry way. The spacecraft is a 722-kilogram robotic space probe of the outer solar system and beyond, launched September 5, 1977. It visited Jupiter and Saturn and was the first probe to provide detailed images of the moons of these planets. Voyager 1 is the farthest human-made object from Earth, traveling away from both the Earth and the Sun at a relatively faster speed than any other probe
–Monday- The start of Beavis and Butthead as a series. Videos included
Olivia Newton-John - Physical The Ramones - I Wanna Be Sedated, Big Daddy Kane with Barry White - All Of Me Wants All Of You, Judas Priest - Painkiller and Concrete Blond - Bloodletting. Highlight of the show was the guys throwing clots of blood at each other.
1995 –Wednesday- We
had joy, we had fun, we had seasons in the sun. …….Terry Jacks……..A balmy -26ºF
1995 –Wednesday – Not to be outdone…-44ºF (-42.2ºC) in Chosedacharad, Russia, Komi-district, probably in Siberia or Kamchatka or Irkusk ….the places that are so hard to defend when you’re playing Risk……on 67ºN so, nyah, nyah, nyah Bismarck North Dakota.
2000- The number 1 song on the
Billboard Charts was Say My Name by
Destiny’s Child (actually there were three of them so it should have been
Destiny’s Youths). Meanwhile, in
I'm an ocker
And I really love your knockers
I'm a labourer by day,
I piss up all me pay
Watching footy on TV
Just feed me more VB
Just pour my beer,
And get my smokes,
And go away
Happy Birthday ,Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer and
1564-Thursday- A “father-son” day. Happy Birthday David Fabricius, German astronomer and friend of Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler. He was one of the first to use Galileo’s techniques in telescope observation of the skies. Fabricius discovered the first known periodic variable star (as opposed to cataclysmic variables, such as novas and supernovas), Mira, in August of 1596. In 1611, his son, Johannes Fabricius, observed the rising sun through his telescope, and observed several dark spots on it. This was perhaps the first ever observation of sunspots. He joined with his father (on his birthday) and investigated this new phenomenon. Also notable is the kapution of David Fabricius. After denouncing a local goose thief from the pulpit, the accused man conked him in the head with a shovel and killed him.
1566-Wednesday- David Rizzo, Mary Queen of
Scot’s secretary was murdered. The rather dim and flighty Queen, with terrible
taste in men, seemed to leave a trail of bodies wherever she went. David Rizzo,
brother of Midnight Cowboy’s Ratso
Rizzo, was an Italian courtier
born in Turin. After moving to
1758-Thursday- He had some gall! Happy Birthday, Franz Gall, German anatomist and physiologist, and a pioneer in ascribing cerebral functions to various areas of the brain. Gall suggested that the brain was divided into 27 separate "organs,". Each organ supposedly corresponded to a discrete human faculty, though Gall identified 19 of these faculties as being shared with other animal species. He was the first to recognize that the gray matter of the brain is made up of nerve cell bodies but the white matter of the brain has the fibers that carry the impulses from the nerves. Gall was the founder of phrenology, the now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different faculties. Although, looking at the head of Vladimir Putin, phrenology might be reconsidered.
Taking advantage of
the distracted British busy fighting with their American colonies, the Spanish
had captured large areas of
– Wednesday- A social note as Napoléon
Bonaparte married his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais. The groom had to place the ring on the
bride’s finger using one hand since his other was stuck in his shirt via his
classic Napoleonic pose. The bride was
resplendent in a gown by Philippe de Walmart. The groom was suitably heroic in
a rented tuxedo by Tommy Hilfiger. The reception, held at Antoine’s of
–Saturday- Charles Graham received a
patent for artificial teeth. Not quite that simple though. We’ve looked for the composition of said
teeth but in the Xeroxian World of the Internet…..No go….just dozens of Graham,
his patent, his teeth and that’s the whole tooth.. We did find the patent reference: GRAHAM, CHARLES M.; ARTIFICIAL TEETH;
1832 –Friday- Abraham
Lincoln of New
1856 –Sunday- Happy Birthday – Edward Goodrich Acheson, American inventor discovered carborundum, the second hardest substance (next to diamonds) and did his bit for the pencil industry by perfecting a method for making artificial graphite. Acheson worked for Thomas Edison for a few years and then started his own laboratory and in 1891 he obtained the use of an electric generating plant of considerable power and tried to use electric heat to impregnate clay with carbon. The resultant mass exhibited some small shiny specks, and he determined that this crystalline substance had value as an abrasive—it was actually silicon carbide, which he called "carborundum."
1858-Tuesday- I gave a
letter to the postman,
he put it his sack.
But in early next morning,
he brought my letter back.
She wrote upon it:
Return to sender, address unknown.
No such number, no such zone. ….Elvis………Albert Potts of
1862-Sunday- The Monitor vs. The Merrimac
in the first battle of ironclad ships. Ironclads were wooden ships that had an
iron shell covering the outside. These iron
shells proved much more effective than previous attemps at protection
featuring, cottonclads, styrafoamaclads, and bubbleclads. Both the Monitor and
the Virginia (the
Merrimac was a captured Union warship refurbished with iron sides and
1864 – Wednesday- Grant takes command (good title for a book, Bruce
Catton, please take note) The rank of
lieutenant general had not been in use in the US Army. In fact, the only man in American history to
have held rank had been George Washington. On this day it was revived by act of
Congress. A ceremony was held in
The final defeat of slave traders in the
1896 –Monday Another day after another
– Thursday- American archaeologist, Theodore H. Davis discovered the tombs
of Tua and Yua, (Touiyou and Iouiya)the
parents of Teia, mother of the great heretic king, Akhenaton, husband of
Nefertiti. Got it? Of course timing is everything.
1917-Friday- Several hundred Mexican guerrillas under the command of
Francisco "Pancho" Villa crossed the U.S.-Mexican border and attacked
the small border town of
1934-Friday- Happy Birthday, Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and the first man to fly in space. Gagarin was killed in1968 in the crash of a two-seat jet aircraft while on what was described as a routine training flight. Of course you can’t believe anything the Communists said so who knows what really happened. His ashes were placed in a niche in the Kremlin wall. Yuri Gagarin flew only one space mission. On April 12, 1961 he became the first man to orbit Earth. Major Gagarin's spacecraft, Vostok 1, circled Earth at a speed of 27,400 kilometers per hour. The flight lasted 108 minutes. At the highest point, Yuri Gagarin was about 327 kilometers above Earth. At the time of his death, he was in training for a second space mission
1948 –Tuesday- The University of California at Berkeley and the Atomic Energy Commission officially announced the artificial production of mesons using Ernest Lawrence’s 184-inch cyclotron at the university's Radiation Laboratory. The HyperPhysics site tells us that Mesons are intermediate mass particles which are made up of a quark-antiquark pair. Three quark combinations are called baryons. Mesons are bosons, while the baryons are fermions. Recent experimental evidence shows the existence of five-quark combinations which are being called pentaquarks. So basically, mesons are any member of a family of subatomic particles composed of a quark and an antiquark. Mesons are sensitive to the strong force, the fundamental interaction that binds the components of the nucleus by governing the behavior of their constituent quarks. Mesons were predicted theoretically in 1935 by the Japanese physicist Yukawa Hideki, the existence of mesons was confirmed in 1947 by a team led by the English physicist Cecil Frank Powell with the discovery of the pi-meson (pion) in cosmic-ray particle interactions with cucumbers and participants in the television show, The Bachelor.
1955 –Wednesday- The
1959 –Monday- The Barbie Doll was unveiled to an unwitting
public at the American Toy Fair in
1961 –Thursday- How much is that doggie in the
The one with the waggly tail
How much is that doggie in the
? [Arf, arf]
I do hope that doggie's for sale
I must take a trip to California
And leave my poor sweet heart alone
If he has a dog he won't be lonesome
And the doggie will have a good home……? [Arf, arf]Patti Page…….The launch of Sputnik 9. Prior to Yuri Gagarin’s (see 1934 above) launch in 1961, the Russians had sent a veritable managerie into space. Sputnik 9 carried the black dog Chernushka (Blackie, a dummy cosmonaut, (later identified as Dan Quayle) mice and a guinea pig on the one orbit mission. At least thirteen Russian dogs were launched between November 1957 and March 1961. Space Today On Line tells us that in order of flight, they were: Strelka, Chernushka, Zvezdochka, and Belka, Laika (Barker in Russian),Bars (Panther or Lynx), Lisichka ( Little Fox), Belka (Squirrel), Strelka (Little Arrow), Pchelka (Little Bee), Mushka (Little Fly), Damka (Little Lady), Krasavka (Beauty), Chernushka (Blackie), Zvezdochka (Little Star)., Verterok or Veterok (Little Wind),Ugolyok or Ugolek (Little Piece of Coal) Five of the dogs went kaput in flight: Laika, Bars, Lisichka, Pchelka, and Mushka
1969 –Sunday Shut up
Just shut up
Shut up [3x]
Shut it up, just shut up
Just shut up
Shut up [3x]
Shut it up, just shut up …………..Black Eyed Peas……Smothers Brothers show kaput. Even after they had renewed the show for another season, CBS cancelled the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. Everyone ended up in court "In our case, seventy-five percent of the twenty-six shows we've done this season were censored," Tom Smothers told Look magazine in June, 1969, "And we're mild’. Tommy Smothers was turning in the shows too late to be edited before broadcast - CBS demanded that the Comedy Hour episodes be completed and reviewed by censors by Wednesday of each week. The network claimed the last show of the season was turned in late, cried breach of contract and dropped the series. (It was later proved that the network DID have the tape in their possession after all.) The network ultimately refused to run the episode anyway because they said it "would be considered irreverent and offensive by a large segment of our audience." The Smothers offered the censored episode on a syndicated basis, hoping that stations would sign on for a new ninety-minute Smothers special with new material added. Instead, NBC aired a 60-minute special starring the Smothers brothers and Peter Fonda (Easy Rider) which led to another weekly variety series - on ABC. http://www.tvparty.com/smothers.html
1977 –Wednesday- Another day another Islamic terrorist attack. In a thirty-nine hour standoff, armed Hanafi
Muslims seized three
1979-Friday- Voyager 1 took the famous photo of the exploding volcano on the Jovian moon, Io ( the pronunciation results in it also being known as the Internal Revenue Moon as in ”I owe” ). Voyager could be heard singing, “ Io Io it’s off to work I go.........” In all, Voyager found nine volcanoes on Io. Astronomers were surprised to find that Io's volcanoes seem to be part of the system that distributes the sulfuric snow across the planet. The edges of some lava fields have a bluish haze, where the heat would change the solid snow back into a gas. Effects of Io’s volcanism have been observed on Earth with the development of the species Airplanicus Boardius Firstius in which sulfer ions from Io have resulted in humans who HAVE to get on the plane first, no matter where they are sitting, so they can store their bags in the overhead bins.
2005 –Wednesday-Oh Danny boy, the pipes, the pipes are calling
From glen to glen, and down the mountain
sideThe summer's gone, and all the flowers
'Tis you, 'tis you must go and I must
bide. “Courage”. Dan Rather appeared for the last
time on "The CBS Evening News" Rather stepped down 24 years to the day
after he replaced CBS News icon: Walter Cronkite.
241 B.C –Wednesday- The battle of the
Note: the Punic Wars should not be confused with the Pubic Wars which are on going and feature entirely different kind of battles
1452 –Wednesday- ??????
and Isabella. Happy Birthday, King
1496-Tuesday- Speaking of Ferdinand and
Isabella, Christopher Columbus finished up his second visit to
1628-Friday- Happy Birthday, Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician and biologist.
Malpighi was one of the first to apply the microscope to the study of animal
and vegetable structure; and his discoveries were so important that he may be
considered to be the founder of microscopic anatomy. Yes, yet another “father
of….”. See out Who’s Your Daddy Page http://sciencegnus.com/Who%27s%20Your%20Daddy.html
Malpighi based his work on the work of William Harvey and although
1709-Sunday- Happy Birthday, Georg Steller, German
naturalist. Steller was the physician on
Vitus Berings second expedition to what came to be called
1748 –Sunday- “Don’t know much about geology…..Sam Cooke…. Happy Birthday John Playfair, Scottish mathematician, physicist, and geologist. His Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth (1802) gave strong support to James Hutton's principle of uniformitarianism, essential to a proper understanding of geology. Without Playfair, Hutton and geology would probably have remained obscure. Hutton was described in Bill Bryson’s A Short History of Nearly Everything as a man of keen insights and lively conversation. Unfortunately, it was beyond him to set down his notions in a form that anyone could begin to understand. A biographer described him as “almost entirely innocent of rhetorical accomplishments.” Without Playfair, no one could read Hutton’s work. Playfair is also famous for his axiom that two intersecting straight lines cannot both be parallel to a third straight line.
1762- Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Jeremias Richter, German chemist who discovered the law of equivalent proportions. Richter was much influenced by philosopher Immanuel Kant (Critique of Pure Reason - who would not accept that you “kant” but insisted you “could”), in the contention that science is really applied mathematics. Richter believed that substances combined with one another in fixed proportions. Speaking of fixed proportions, he demonstrated that acids and bases neutralize each other in, yes, fixed proportions. Richter found that the ratio by weight of the compounds consumed in a chemical reaction was always the same. It took 615 parts by weight of magnesia (MgO), for example, to neutralize 1000 parts by weight of sulfuric acid (but all bets were off it you had eaten Mexican food). The balancing of reactions based on fixed proportions is known as stoichiometry. In 1791 he demonstrated that acids and bases neutralize to produce salts. Richter was the first scientist to establish stoichiometry, which then became the basis of quantitative chemical analysis.
1791 –Thursday- John Stone patented the pile driver. Why would anyone want to drive piles? Is this another Uranus joke? Actually, A pile driver or is a mechanical device used to drive piles into soil to provide foundation support for buildings or other structures.
1797-Friday- When not busy writing the Declaration of Independence, being the first Secretary of State and being the 3rd president, Thomas Jefferson presented a paper on the megalonyx to the American Philosophical Society. It was published with the catchy, “romance novelesque” title of A Memoir on the Discovery of Certain Bones of a Quadruped of the Clawed Kind in the Western Parts of Virginia .The animal, a huge extinct sloth was named Megalonyx jeffersoni by a French naturalist.
1849-Saturday- Abraham Lincoln applied for a patent, the first president to do so. While Thomas Jefferson had several inventions, he never applied for a patent. The patent, which would be granted on May 22 of the same year was for a device to lift boats over shoals, sort of a dry dock. The invention was never manufactured
1864 –Thursday—“Tell me what brand of
whiskey that Grant drinks. I would like
to send a barrel of it to my other generals.” ..Abraham Lincoln….Having been appointed by Congress on the 9th of March, President Lincoln today signed the papers making Ulysess S. Grant Commander of the Union Armies. With Grant now
in overall command of the Union Forces, William T. Sherman took command of the Union Army in the West.
May and early June came the bloody
battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and
1876-Friday- Hello. How are you?
Have you been alright, through all those lonely lonely lonely lonely lonely nights
That's what I'd say. I'd tell you everything
If you'd pick up that telephone yeah yeah yeah
Hey. How you feelin?
Are you still the same?
Don't you realize the things we did, we did, were all for real, not a dream?
I just can't believe
They've all faded out of view yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah
Doowop dooby doo doowop doowah doolang
Blue days black nights doowah doolang
I look into the sky, the love you need ain't gonna see you through
And I wonder why the little things you planned ain't coming true
Oh oh Telephone Line, give me some time, I'm living in twilight
Oh oh Telephone Line, give me some time, I'm living in twilight…….Electric Light Orchestra…….Alexander Graham Bell made what was, in effect, the first telephone call. His assistant, Thomas Watson, located in an adjoining room in
1891 –Tuesday- Speaking of telephones (see 1876), Almon Strowger,
an undertaker in
1902-Monday- Win some, lose some; in the case of Edison v. American Mutoscope Company,
the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that despite his claims, Thomas Edison did not hold
patent rights over all aspects of motion picture technology. The court did,
however, rule that
1903 –Tuesday- On a sales trip to Cleveland, Harry C. Gammeter observed a stenographer repeatedly and Sisyphusiusly copying circular letters. Gammeter thought there had to be a better way and thought of a machine that would print a complete line or page of type with a single stroke. In 1900, he built his first crude model. He then famously demonstrated its feasibiliy to Henry C. Osborn of the Osborn-Morgan Co. consulting engineers. Osborn, said “copy” and then designed, produced, and financed a duplicating machine based on the rotary drum principle which was patented on this date.
1923 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Val Logsdon Fitch, American particle physicist who was co-recipient with James Watson Cronin of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1980. They won for an experiment conducted in 1964 that disproved the long-held theory that particle interaction should be indifferent to the direction of time. How dare a particle reaction be indifferent to the direction of time! None of us are indifferent to the direction of time! Whither goest particle interactions? Interactions fall into three groups: strong, electromagnetic, and weak. Because of interactions, an isolated particle may decay into other particles. Two particles passing near each other may transform, perhaps into the same particles but with changed momenta (elastic scattering) or into other particles (inelastic scattering).
1926 –Wednesday- Back in the days when people actually used to read books, Lolly Willowes, or The Loving Huntsman, by eccentric English novelist Sylvia Townsend Warner the first Book-of-the-Month Club selection, was published by Viking Press. Harry Scherman’s Book-of-the-Month-Club operating premise was that most book lovers do not read as many books as they intend to. By agreeing to purchase at least four books a year, club members could choose a hand-picked group of books that they would receive by mail. The concept was immediately popular. By December 1926 the company had net sales of over half a million dollars. Membership approached 100,000 by 1928.
1940 - I Pagliacci by Ruggiero
Leoncavallo was the first opera broadcast on television. The Metropolitan Opera
1941 –Monday- On August 16, 1920, New York Yankee pitcher Carl Mays hit Cleveland Indians’ shortstop, Ray Chapman in the head with a pitch. Chapman went kaput. Over twenty years later, the first use of batting helmets in the majors was trotted out by the 1941 Brooklyn Dodgers on this day. Two of the Dodgers, outfielder, Joe “Ducky” Medwick and shortstop, Harold “Pee Wee” Reese, had suffered severe beanings, so General Manager Larry MacPhail made the entire team wear protective helmets. Those helmets were based on jockeys' helmets, and were much like a normal baseball cap with a hard liner. The first helmet that generally resembled the modern design was developed at the behest of Pittsburgh Pirates manager Branch Rickey in the 1950s and made mandatory for all batters in 1956.
The body of the anti-Communist foreign minister of
Czechoslovakia, Jan Masaryk, was found in the garden of Czernin Palace in
Prague just two weeks after the Communists had taken over the country. The Communists claimed it was suicide via
jumping from a window. And perhaps you’d like to buy a bridge in
1948-Wednesday- And on the same day that Jan Masaryk
discovered he could not fly, Herbert
Hoover – no, not the former President- became the first civilian pilot to
exceed the speed of sound when he flew a Bell X-1 research aircraft at Edwards
1959 –Tuesday- Fearing an
abduction attempt by those lovable communists in China,
300,000 Tibetans surrounded the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal.
1964 –Tuesday- I bought you a brand new
mustang 'bout nineteen sixty five
Now you come around signifying a woman, you don't wanna let me ride.
Mustang Sally, think you better slow your mustang down.
You been running all over the town now.
Oh! I guess I'll have to put your flat feet on the ground.
All you want to do is ride around Sally, ride, Sally, ride.
All you want to do is ride around Sally, ride, Sally, ride.
All you want to do is ride around Sally, ride, Sally, ride…… Wilson Pickett……The first Ford Mustang was produced on this day. The car wasn't released to the public until April 16, 1964. The “Pony Car” was an idea from the young vice-president at Ford, Lee Iacocca. He was asked to bring back the two-seater Thunderbird which Ford had stupidly expanded into a hideous monstermobile. In 1962 he built the Mustang I-prototype, a V4 two-seater. However, Ford specified that the car would have to be a four-seater. In 1963 the Mustang II show car was riding at the American Grand Prix. In order to keep production costs down, many of the Mustang's components were "borrowed" from the lamentable Ford Falcon
1972 –Friday- Forgettable moments in the career of Academy Award winner Ray Milland (The Lost Weekend) with the premier of Frogs. Co-starring the ubiquitous Sam Eliot and Joan Van Ark, the cinematic masterpiece featured the tag lines; “Cold green skin against soft warm flesh...a croak...a scream and Millions of slimy bodies squirming everywhere! Millions of gaping mouths devouring... devouring... devouring”. That same year, Ray also starred in The Thing With Two Heads in which his head was placed on a body along with the head of former football star, Roosevelt Grier.
1977- The rings of Uranus (remember, the pronunciation is "yoor an us" NOT "your anus") were discovered by the Voyager space craft. There were nine rings and during the Voyager encounters, these rings were photographed and measured, as were two other new rings and ringlets. Uranus' rings are distinctly different from those at Jupiter and Saturn. The outermost epsilon ring is composed mostly of ice boulders several feet across. A very tenuous distribution of fine dust also seems to be spread throughout the ring system. None of the rings are diamond, several are cubic zirconia, one is a friendship ring and another is a pinky ring, also known as the “Soprano’s ring”.
–Saturday- Conspicuous moments
at the Grand Ole Opry. At the invitation
of country star Porter Wagoner, James Brown performed at the hallowed Country
music venue in
1982- Wednesday- A syzygy (save that one for scrabble) occurred when all nine planets aligned on the same side of the Sun. The planets were spread out over 98 degrees on this date with the four gaseous giants, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, spanning an arc of some 73◦.
1985- At one time, the world‘s
longest underground tunnel, the Seikan Tunnel was completed in Japan. It is in total 53.9 km (33.4 miles) long and
has 23.3 km (14.5 miles) under the sea. Since longest, largest, tallest, etc.
are constantly being surpassed, when the Gotthard Base tunnel was fully
–Thursday- And the sign said,
"Everybody welcome. Come in, kneel down and pray"
But when they passed around the plate at the end of it all,
I didn't have a penny to pay
So I got me a pen and a paper and I made up my own little sign
I said, "Thank you, Lord, for thinkin' 'bout me.
I'm alive and doin' fine."
Sign, sign, everywhere a sign
Blockin' out the scenery, breakin' my mind
Do this, don't do that, can't you read the sign?
Sign, sign, everywhere a sign
Sign Sign, sign…….Five Man Electrical Band……..The number one song on the Billboard Charts was The Sign by Ace of Base of Gothenberg, Sweden. This was the #1 song of 1994 according to Billboard magazine's year-end charts. It was also Arista Record's most successful Billboard chart single in the label's history, selling over nine million copies in
Another landmark in the march of
civilization as Buffy the Vampire Slayer made it’s television
debut. Sarah Michelle Gellar starred as Buffy Summers, The Chosen One, the
one girl in all the world with the strength and
skill to fight the vampires. As
TV.com tells us about the first episode,
“Welcome to Hellmouth, Buffy Summers is the Slayer, but after being expelled from her old high school for
burning down the gym (it was full of vampires)
she just wants to forget about her destiny and be a normal sixteen- year-old girl. She and her mother move from
2006 –Friday- The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrived at Mars. On a two-year mission to study the Martian atmosphere and surface, and search for water, it pulled off a dangerous and tricky maneuver known as "orbit insertion" and began circling the red planet. While other Mars missions, such as the Mars Exploration Rovers, have shown that water once flowed across the surface, MRO was on a search for evidence that water persisted on the surface long enough to provide a habitat for life. And in fact it did find life. And that bizarre life form has migrated to Earth. We know this parasitical life form as Attornicus Sleazicus Broadcasticus, lawyers who advertise on television.
105 A.D-Wednesday-"Ts’ai Lun, take a note" - Ts'ai Lun
invented paper. It was made from bamboo, mulberry, and other fibers, along
with fish nets and rags. He lived and served as an official at the
1387 –Sunday- The
1513 –Tuesday- Giovanni
de' Medici, thirty-eight years old, was elected pope. He chose the name Leo X. The second son of
1730-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Otto Müller German-Danish biologist who liked itty bitty creatures. He concentrated on viewing bacteria. Bacteria had previously been seen only dimly by Leeuwenhoek in his microscope . Despite the limited resolution of the microscopes of his time, Müller was the first to see bacteria with sufficient clarity to divide them into categories, and introduced to the world the new animal kingdom of Infusoria. Some categories included, The Ones That Grow on Your Toothbrush, The Ones That Live on Shopping Cart Handles, The Ones that Live on the Processed Meat in the Questionably Sanitary Delicatessen, and The Ones That Will Mutate into Joseph Mugabe. In 1773, he was the first to describe diatoms. He also coined the terms baccilum and spirillum. Of course we all know that the bacteria is the rear of the cafeteria…….right?
1791-Friday- Samuel Mulliken of
1811 –Monday- Happy Birthday, Urbain-Jean-Joseph Leverrier, French astronomer who predicted by
mathematical means – no telescope!- the existence of the planet
1818-Wednesday- Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus was published. The book, by 21-year-old Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, wife of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley is frequently called the world's first science fiction novel as well as the first monster novel – no check that, we’ll go with Beowulf for first monster novel– as well as providing fodder for a mini-industry of dozens of movies, TV shows, books, cartoons and providing an explanation for the existence of Katie Couric.
1818-Wednesday- Same day as Frankenstein was published, Happy Birthday, Henri-Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist and chemist who invented the first industrial process for producing aluminum. He had been foiled in several earlier attempts. He also discovered the phenomenon of dissociation. Sainte-Claire Deville discovered nitrogen pentoxide, the anhydride of nitric acid. Friedrich Woehler, the German chemist, had discovered aluminum in 1827. Deville worked on the metallurgy of the metal, and devised the means of preparing it by decomposing aluminum sodium chloride with metallic sodium.
1824 –Thursday- Secretary of War John C. Calhoun in the United States War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Well that sure worked out well for the Indians. Calhoun appointed Thomas McKenney as the bureau's first head and instructed him to oversee treaty negotiations, manage Indian schools, and administer Indian trade, as well as handle all expenditures and correspondence concerning Indian affairs.
–Tuesday- The premier of Giuseppe Verdi’s Rigoletto at the Teatro La Fenice in
1864 -Friday The Great Sheffield Flood, also known as the Great Inundation, devastated parts of Sheffield, England, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke. The newly-built dam, at Low Bradfield on the River Loxley, broke while it was being filled for the first time. An estimated 3 million m³ (700 million imperial gallons) of water swept down the Loxley valley where it destroyed 800 houses, and killed 270 people - bodies were later found as far down the Don as Mexborough. The conclusion was that construction was defective, and that a small leak in the wall grew rapidly until the damned dam went kaput. Following a special Act of Parliament, compensation of £273,988 was paid for damage to property, injury to persons, and loss of life – one of the largest insurance awards of its time.
1888-Sunday- A sunny, spring-like day until later in the day………The “Blizzard of 88” – see March 12.
1901- Monday- The Cincinnati Enquirer reported the signing of a player named "Chief Tokohama" to baseball’s Baltimore Orioles by manager John McGraw. Chief Tokohama was later revealed to be Charlie Grant, an African-American second baseman. It was McGraw’s attempt to get an African American on to his team. He saw Black Americans as a great potential pool of talent, into major league baseball. Unfortunately, Chicago White Sox owner Charles Comisky discovered Grant’s identity and he was banned from the league. Grant returned to the Columbia Giants for the 1901 season.
The first cases of "Spanish
Flu" in the
1927 -Friday- In America’s first armored car robbery, a group of bandits known as the Flathead Gang from Detroit blew up and robbed an armored Brinks truck and its "trail car" as the vehicles headed toward the nearby coal mine at Coverdale, near Pittsburgh, to deliver cash for the weekly payroll. In a scene of Keystone Cops like confusion, the main truck flipped and landed upside down. The second car fell into a crater left by the explosion. Everyone was shaken, but no one was killed. In the confusion, the crooks grabbed $104,000 and took off……but not for long. A day later, Paul Jaworski - who identified himself as John Smith - was caught in a farmhouse 30 miles south of the crime scene. He confessed, ratted out his accomplices, and even led the cops to $33,000 in buried loot. Jaworski was the mastermind behind the heist and confessed to several murder-robberies. Eventually, he got the electric chair. http://www.wqed.org/mag/columns/sebak/2007/0307_armored_car.shtml
1930 –Tuesday- Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees signed a contract for $80,000. When informed that he was now making more than the $75,000 paid to President Hoover, Ruth replied, “I had a better year than he did”.
1948 – The
1958 – Charles Van Doren finally lost on the
hit game show, Twenty One, a quiz
show based on Blackjack. The producers knew he would lose, Charlie knew he
would lose, Vivienne Nearing, who beat him, knew he would lose. The only ones who didn’t know were the
millions watching on television. Van Doren, the
1960 –Friday- Pioneer V was launched from
1970 -Wednesday - Oh the
games people play now
Every night and every day now
Never meaning what they say now
Never saying what they mean
And they wile away the hours
In their ivory towers
Till they're covered up with flowers
In the back of a black limousine
La-da da da da da da da
La-da da da da da de
Talking 'bout you and me
And the games people play …….The 12th Grammy Awards were held. They recognized accomplishments of musicians for the year 1969. So what was hot and who was hot in 1969? Record of the year was Aquarius/Let the Sunshine from the Broadway musical, Hair. Song of the year went to Games People Play by Joe South. Best New Artists were
1974 –Monday- People were paid five cents to take away an album by Danny Bonaduce, talentless child actor from television’s The Partridge Family who became an adult piste kayleh. In 1973 Bonaduce released a self-titled album. Bonaduce has admitted that his vocals can barely be heard on the album and that most of the singing was provided by Bruce Roberts. The album was apparently so awful that a record store, Rhino Store, in Los Angeles paid customers 5 cents to take home Bonaduce's album.
Mikhail S. Gorbachev was chosen to succeed the
late Soviet President Konstantin Chernenko as leader of the
1986 –Tuesday- Popsicles, icicles
Popsicles, icicles, hmmm …..The Murmaids….Twin popsicles (two popsicles sticks together) were invented during the Great Depression. In devastating culinary news, Popsicle announced its plan to end the traditional twin-stick frozen treat for a one-stick model. Now millions of children and adults would be deprived of the delight timing the break and of breaking the two in half and having two popsicles to eat before they melted. Or, worse, pulling the two sticks apart and then having both ice pieces left of one stick while the other stick (usually the one in your left hand) was bereft of “sicle”. The Popsicle was invented in 1905 by eleven-year-old Frank Epperson. He originally named it Epsicle. He had left his fruit flavored soda outside on the porch with a stir stick in it. The drink froze to the stick and tasted good. It took 18 more years in 1923 for Epperson to apply for a patent for a "frozen ice on a stick" called the Epsicle ice pop, which his children re-named the Popsicle. In 1925, Frank Epperson sold his famous Popsicle to the Joe Lowe Company of
1997- Tuesday- Paul McCartney, a former member of the most successful rock band in history, The Beatles, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II . Asked where he wanted the ceremony to take place, McCartney replied “Why don’t we do it in the road”. Following the knighting, McCartney mounted the equinesque Princess Anne, grabbed a lance and challenged Prince Charles to a joust.
1998 –Wednesday= The International Astronomical Union, those same folks that de-planetized Pluto by demoting it to Dwarf Planet , issued an alert that said that a mile-wide asteroid could come very close to, and possibly hit, Earth on Oct. 26, 2028. The next day NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, basically calling it foo foo poppycock, announced that there was no chance the asteroid would hit Earth. The IAU replied, “oh yeah? Well Pluto is still a dwarf planet so nyah nyah nyah.
2004 –Thursday Islamic terrorists killed 191 people and wounded more than 2,000 people when they exploded 10 bombs on four trains in three Madrid-area train stations during a busy morning rush hour. The bombs were later found to have been detonated by mobile phones.
2007-Sunday (2 a.m) Big change this year as
2009 –Wednesday- In a blow to mystery writers, scientists in
538 –Wednesday- Witiges,
king of the Ostrogoths ended his siege of Rome having decided that the lines to
get into the Vatican Museum and the Coliseum were just too long, and retreated
to Ravenna, where there were shorter lines for Dante’s Tomb. None of these
Goths died their hair black or listened to Korn. The Ostrogoths (Low Latin
Ostrogothae,"the eastern Goths") inhabited a large kingdom east of
– Caesare Borgia kaput. Borgia had lost his
power and his power base with the death of his father, Pope Alexander VI. He made his way to
1664-Wednesday- New Jersey became a British colony as King Charles II
granted land in the New World to his brother James, the Duke of York. The same
1784-Friday Happy Birthday, William Buckland, English pioneer geologist and
minister, known for his effort to reconcile geological discoveries with the
Bible and anti-evolutionary theories.
1824-Friday Happy Birthday, Gustav R. Kirchov, German physicist. He is famous for his work with the spectroscope in association with R. W. Bunsen, (who was burning with curiosity) with whom he discovered the elements cesium- “we have come to praise cesium….not barium” and rubidium, and for his explanation of the Fraunhofer lines in the solar spectrum. Why Fraunhofer couldn’t explain his own lines, we’re not sure. Kirchov also did important research in electricity and thermodynamics.
1831-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Clement Studebaker, American manufacturer who founded a family company that became the world's largest producer of horse-drawn vehicles and post 1900, a leader in automobile manufacturing. Those of us who remember the bullet shaped back of the late 40s-early 50’s Studebakers may still miss it. After the company’s late 1950’s Avanti failed to revive interest and sales, Studebaker went the way of the dodo. Extinct….kaput.
1832 -Monday Happy Birthday, Charles Boycott, real estate agent who refused to lower rents and served eviction notices instead. Tenants refused to deal with him; in other words, they "boycotted" Boycott making his name a part of the English language. In September 1880, his protesting tenants demanded that Captain Boycott give them a substantial reduction in their rents. He refused. Charles Stuart Parnell, the great Irish parliamentarian and nationalist and also the President of the Land League, suggested in a speech that the way to force Boycott to give way was for everyone in the locality to refuse to have any dealings with him. Laborers would not work for him, local shops stopped serving him (food had to be brought in from elsewhere for him and his family), and he even had great trouble getting his letters delivered. In the end, his crops were harvested that autumn through the help of fifty volunteers from the north of the country, who worked under the protection of nine hundred soldiers. The events aroused so much passion that his name became an instant byword. It was first used - in our modern sense of collective and organized ostracism - in the Times of London in November 1880. http://boycottcity.org/essay/index.php?essay=5
1832 – Monday- Sharing the same birthday as Charles Boycott, Happy Birthday, Charles Friedel, French organic chemist and mineralogist who, with the American chemist James Mason Crafts, discovered in 1877 the chemical process known as the Friedel-Crafts reaction. Professor Sy Yentz has no idea of what it is but evidently it has nothing to do with allergies or rashes. A Friedel-Crafts reaction is a substitution reaction, catalyzed by aluminum chloride in which an alkyl (R) or an acyl (RCO) group replaces a hydrogen atom of an aromatic nucleus to produce hydrocarbon or a ketone. Basically, it represents a powerful and effective way to introduce new carbon-carbon bonds into aromatic compounds or make anchovy pizza.
1835 –Thursday- Happy Birthday, Simon Newcomb, American
astronomer, born in
1838-Monday- Happy Birthday,
William Perkin, inventor of artificial dye. Prior to this all dyes came from natural
sources. As with many of the discoveries of science he set out to do one thing
and ended up discovering another. When
he was eighteen he wanted to make quinine (C20H24N2O2)
by oxidizing allytoluidine (C10H12N) so naturally he
accidentally produced instead the first ever synthetic dye, aniline purple,
better known as mauveine. His father invested in his efforts to manufacture the
dye. It went on sale in 1857, and it became popular in
1841 –Friday- In
1863 –Thursday- Happy Birthday, Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, Russian geochemist and mineralogist who is considered to be one of the founders of geochemistry and biogeochemistry. Geochemistry is the study of the chemical composition of the earth's crust and the changes which takes place within it. Biogeochemistry is branch of geochemistry that is concerned with biologic materials and their relation to earth chemicals in an area; the science studying changes in the earth's chemical constituents as mediated by living organisms such as bacteria or sixteen year old girl singers.
Monday- The “Blizzard of 88”. March
11 had spring temperatures, birds were singing, people were out walking……. By the morning of
the 12th, it was 5° and within 36 hours over 60” of snow had fallen…this seems
to be what the city of
first bottles of Coca-Cola were sold. Coca-Cola was invented by Dr. John
1903 –Thursday- At a peace summit to unite the two Baseball leagues
under similar rules, and establish the World Series, AL President Ban Johnson
announced he wanted a team in New York. Johnson got 15 of the 16 Major League
owners to agree. The lone dissenter was John T. Bush owner of, surprise, the New York Giants. Johnson arranged for Frank Farrell and Bill Devery to buy the
struggling Baltimore Orioles and move them to
The team officially changed its name to the New York Yankees in 1913, and went on to become the most dominant franchise in American sports.
1912-Tuesday- Not to be outdone by the Boy Scouts, founded in England in 1907-08, created
by General Robert Baden-Powell. Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Guides, which later
became the Girl Scouts of America. The
first meeting was in
1922-Sunday- Happy Birthday, Jack Kerouac, born Jean-Louis Kerouac in Lowell, Massachusetts, American author of On the Road (1957). Kerouac became the symbol of what was then called the “beat generation” which begat beatniks, which begat hippies, which begat generation x, which begat whatever will be new as long as it’s changed from the old. On the Road was a unique book, as Kerouac decided write about his cross-country trips exactly as they had happened, without pausing to edit, fictionalize or even reflect. He presented the resulting manuscript to his editor on a single long roll of unbroken paper. His editor, how shall we put it, was not particularly enthused with this brilliance and Kerouac would suffer seven years of rejection before On The Road would be published.
1923-Monday- Happy Birthday Wally Schirra (brother of Kay Schirra Schirra), another of the original 7 American astronauts. He flew on Mercury 8 in 1962 for 6 earth orbits, Gemini 6 in 1965- first rendezvous in space with Gemini 7- and on Apollo 7 in 1968. He was the only astronaut to fly all three of the types of space craft.
1923 –Monday- One of the pioneers of motion pictures, Dr. Lee DeForest (brother of Gazinta DeForest) demonstrated his technique of putting sound on motion picture film. This was the first movie sound track. He called it “Phonofilm”. Music was recorded on a narrow strip at the edge of the film. The demonstration showed a man and woman dancing, four musicians playing instruments, along with an Egyptian dancer, all accompanied by music but no dialogue. The first “sound” movie featuring music and dialogue (all 350 words of it) was The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson in 1927. DeForest also invented invented the audion, a vacuum tube device that could take a weak electrical signal and amplify it into a larger one. The audion helped AT&T set up coast-to-coast phone service, and it was also used in everything from radios to televisions to the first computers.
1928 –Monday- Coming one day (see March 11, 1864) and sixty
four years after the Sheffield England dam collapse, The St. Francis Dam, built
by the Bureau of Water Works and Supply of the City of Los Angeles, failed catastrophically upon its first
filing, (same as the Sheffield Dam) near midnight on March 12, 1928, killing at
least 450 people. It was the greatest American civil engineering failure in the
twentieth century. The dam's 185-foot high concrete wall crumpled and
collapsed, sending billions of gallons of raging flood waters down San Francisquito
Canyon, about five miles northwest of
1933 –Friday- Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first “fireside
chat”. Of course it was radio so we only
have his word for it. Could have been in
the bathroom for all we know. He explained
his recent decision to close the nation's banks in order to stop a surge in
mass withdrawals by panicked investors worried about possible bank failures.
The banks would be reopening the next day,
1938 –Saturday-The Anschuluss began as German
troops crossed the border and occupied
1944 -Sunday Eamon de Valera, Prime
Minister of Ireland, rejected a request from the Roosevelt administration to
close the German and Japanese embassies in Dublin to cut off the Axis spy
network and shorten lines to visit the Blarney Stone. In response, the British
government suspended all travel between the
1947 –Wednesday- Juxtaposed with the wimpishness with which
1957- Sunday –Maybe baby, I'll have you
Maybe baby, you'll be true
Maybe baby, I'll have you for me
It's funny honey, you don't care
You never listen, to my prayer
Maybe baby, you will love me some day
Well you are the one that, makes me glad
Any other one that, makes me sad
When some day, you'll want me
Well, I'll be there, wait and see ee ee
Maybe baby, I'll have you
Maybe baby, you'll be true
Maybe baby, I'll have you for me**
Da da ta da da da da da da
Da da ta da da da da da da
Da da ta da da da da da da
Aughaaaaaaaaaaaaa Buddy Holly and the Crickets recorded the cha cha version of Maybe Baby. Why were some of Holly’s records listed as Holly and the Crickets and others as just the Crickets? Glad you asked. According to the
1958 – The
–Tuesday- Hello Muddah, hello Fadduh,
Here I am at
Camp is very entertaining,
And they say we'll have some fun if it stops raining.
I went hiking with Joe Spivey.
He developed poison ivy.
You remember Leonard Skinner.
He got ptomaine poisoning last night after dinner.
All the counselors hate the waiters,
And the lake has alligators.
And the head coach wants no sissies,
So he reads to us from something called Ulysses.
Now I don't want this should scare ya,
But my bunk mate has malaria………The 6th annual Grammy Awards, for songs released in 1963, were held. So, what was hot in 1963 (pre Beatles)? Record of the Year was The Days of Wine and Roses, by Henry Mancini, Album of the Year was The Barbra Streisand Album, Song of the Year was The Days of Wine and Roses, by Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer, Best New Artist of 1963 Swingle Singers (yes, the Swingle Singers), Best Performance By a Vocal Group was Blowin' in the Wind, by Peter, Paul and Mary and Best Comedy Performance Hello Mudduh, Hello Faddah, by Allan Sherman
1974 – The pilot episode of Wonder Woman was broadcast on ABC. No, this was not the Lynda Carter, her costume and her….. This was Cathy Lee Crosby as Wonder Woman. She no super powers, a modified costume, really now, ultimately it was all about the costume. This particular Cathy Lee Crosby costume was described as a cross between a flight attendant and a gymnast. Fortunately, Lynda Carter was chosen to fill the role in The New Original Wonder Woman a CBS version that debuted in 1975.
Les Misérables had its debut at the Broadway Theater on, yes, Broadway.
Later, it would move to the Imperial Theater.
The play by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg, with lyrics by
Herbert Kretzmer would close in 2003 after 6,680 performances. Based on the
Victor Hugo novel, it originally opened at the Barbican Theatre,
1988-Saturday- A hailstorm resulted in a soccer stampede
2003 – Wednesday- The ever progressive, open
minded Communist Chinese government
ordered the Rolling Stones to kaput four of their best-known hits from their
landmark mainland shows scheduled for April. The band, which performed in
607 –Friday- Comet,
it smells like gas-o-line.
it tastes like vas-o-line.
It makes you vomit.
So buy some Comet, and vomit, today! ……Bus Songs.com….The twelfth recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Of course back then it wasn’t Halley’s Comet since Halley didn’t discover it and predict its return until 1758–1759 just about every seventy six years. Previous sightings of the comet include: B.C 240, *164, 86, 11 and A.D 66, 141, 218, 295, 347, 451, 530. The last perihelion passage of the comet was on February 9, 1986. In March 1986, six uncrewed spacecraft encountered Halley's Comet and produced data that have greatly enhanced the understanding of comets. The comet will return to its perihelion in 2061.
Happy Birthday, Federico Cesi, Italian scientist who founded the first
modern scientific society in 1603. It was called the Accademia dei Lincei (
1720 –Wednesday- In your Easter bonnet, with all the
frills upon it………..
Oh, I could write a sonnet about your Easter bonnet………………..Irving Berlin…..
Happy Birthday, Charles Bonnet, Swiss lawyer, philosopher and biologist. He discovered parthenogenesis (reproduction without fertilization) in female aphids, also known as tree-lice, lant louse, greenfly, ant cow, or Paris Hilton. Bonnet also demonstrated the regenerative ability of annelid worms, found that insects breathe through pores which he called stigmata, studied photosynthesis in plants and noted the emission of bubbles by a submerged illuminated leaf. Charles Bonnett Syndrome (CBS) in which people, usually elderly, hallucinate seeing visitors from another planet, is named after him. Bonnett was last seen accompanying Richard Dreyfuss onto the Mother Ship in Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
1733-Friday- Happy Birthday, Joseph Priestly, English chemist who discovered oxygen.
Actually a few folks discovered oxygen (notably, Swedish scientist Carl
Scheele) but failure to publish results or even being ignored. So, Priestly gets the credit. Priestly also discovered sulfur dioxide, silicon fluoride and ammonia.
Of note is that Priestley's first scientific work, The History of Electricity (1767), was encouraged by Benjamin
Franklin, whom he had met in
1781-Tuesday- Sir William Herschel accidentally discovered
Uranus. He thought he was tracking
a comet. Uranus was the first planet to be discovered by using a
telescope. Remember, it's pronounced
yoor an us. Otherwise, your anus would be discovered by using a
telescope. Herschel, was a great astronomer but
left a lot to be desired in the naming department as he origninally named the
planet Georgium Sidus, or the
"Georgian Planet," in honor of
the loony King George III of
''Uncle Sam'' drawn by Frank Henry Bellew, made his debut as a
cartoon character in the
Happy Birthday, Percival Lowell, American astronomer who
predicted the existence of the planet Pluto (later demoted to Dwarf Planet,
Kuiper Belt Object) and initiated the search that ended in its discovery. His
initials, P L were used by Clyde Tombaugh in the naming of the former planet,
now Dwarf Planet. Unfortunately,
1868-Friday- The beginning
of the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson in the senate. This was mainly
a political trial over reconstruction strategies and who would control
reconstruction – the Moderates or the Radical Republicans. The senate had passed a Tenure of Office
Act. The act required that any office
holder confirmed by the senate would need senate approval for removal. Ignoring this, Johnson attempted to fire the momzer
Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton. This was deemed grounds for impeachment.
Following the House vote, the senate took 2 votes. Both
times the vote was 35 for conviction and 19 for acquittal, with seven moderate
Republicans joining12 Democrats in voting against what was a weak case for
impeachment. Because both votes fell short of a 2/3 majority--by one vote—that
of Senator Ross of
Fifteen year-old, Chester
Greenwood invented ear muffs. “Ears
looking at you kid.” Of course you can
wear your muffs to the Ear-ster Parade. The story goes that while testing a new
pair of ice skates, he grew frustrated at trying to protect his ears from the
bitter cold. After wrapping his head in a scarf, which was too bulky and itchy,
and made him look like a Russian peasant, he made two ear-shaped loops from
wire and asked his grandmother to sew fur on them. He patented an improved
model with a steel band which held them in place and with
1881 –Sunday- Czar Kaput. Czar Alexander II. The
Birthday, Clifford Milburn Holland, the American engineer who designed the
1.5-mile-long Holland Tunnel under the Hudson River, between New York City and
Jersey City, NJ or vice versa.
Greenwich Mean Time was established.
This was instituted by bad tempered scientists who wanted to replace
Greenwich Nice Time. The Greenwich Meridian was chosen to be the Prime Meridian
of the World. Forty-one delegates from 25 nations met in
– Thursday- The beginning of the siege of
1899-Monday- Happy Birthday, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist who is regarded as the founder of the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism. In 1977, together with Nevill Mott and Philip Anderson, he shared the Nobel Prize for physics for “fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems.” Presumably the “disordered systems” were not state legislatures.
– Saturday- Brooklyn Dodger manager, Dodger
manager Wilbert Robinson, (Uncle Robbie) thinking he was going to catch a baseball dropped from a
plane, was surprised and splattered when the sphere turned out to be a
grapefruit. The soggy skipper managed the Dodgers from 1914 to 1937, winning
pennants in 1916 and 1920. And why was
Robinson catching objects from a plane? He
vowed to outdo Chicago Cub,
1930-Thursday- Having discovered the former planet now Dwarf Planet Pluto on February 18, Clyde Thombaugh announced his discovery on this day. The former planet now Dwarf Planet was officially named on May 24, 1930. The discovery caused a world-wide sensation. It was the first planet to be discovered in the 20th century. Of course thanks to the IAU it is now a Dwarf Planet which would minimize the sensation. NYC police have noted that a fortune telling dwarf has escaped from custody and they are searching for a small medium at large.
–Monday- (Gonna find her)
(Gonna find her)
(Gonna find her)
(Gonna find her)
Yeah, I've been searchin'
Oh, yeah, searchin' every which a-way
Oh, yeah, searchin'
Searchin' every which a-way
But I'm like the Northwest Mounties
You know I'll bring her in someday
(Gonna find her)
(Gonna find her) ………Happy Birthday, Mike Stoller of the song writing team of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. A member of the Songwriters Hall of Fame, it was said of Leiber and Stoller, "If Elvis Presley was the king of rock and roll, then Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller were certainly two of the most important powers behind the throne." The pair wrote the incredibly successful and indelible Presley hits. Hound Dog, (originally recorded by Big Mama Thornton) Love Me, Loving You, Don't, and Jailhouse Rock. Then, just for starters, they also wrote, Searchin, Yakety Yak, Charlie Brown, and Poison Ivy, for the Coasters. Then, Stand By Me, Spanish
–Wednesday- The discovery of the of
the Lachish Letter- eighteen ostraca (clay tablets with writing in ink) written
in an ancient Hebrew script, from the 7th century BC revealed important information concerning the last days
of the southern
–Monday- Oh, Carol, I am but a fool
Darling, I love you tho' you treat me cruel
You hurt me and you made me cry
But if you leave me I will surely die
Darling, there will never be another
'Cause I love you so
Don't ever leave me
Say you'll never go
I will always want you for my sweetheart
No matter what you do
Oh, Carol, I'm so in love with you Happy Birthday, Neil Sedaka, Brooklyn born singer and song writer. His biggest hits, included Oh Carol, written about his long-term friend and fellow
1947 –Thursday- “Once in the
1954 – Saturday- In February, 1954, Scottish born Bobby Thompson, who hit the “shot heard round the world” to win the pennant for the 1951 New York Giants, had been traded to the Milwaukee Braves – just transplanted from Boston. On this day, Thompson broke his leg during an exhibition game against the Yankees. He was replaced by rookie Henry Aaron.
1958 –Thursday- The Long
Hot Summer, starring Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, and Orson Welles, opened
–Monday- I'm a travelin' man
I've made a lot of stops all over the world
And in every port I own the heart
Of at least one lovely girl ……Ricky Nelson became Rick Nelson and recorded Travelin’ Man on Imperial Records. The song, written by Jerry Fuller who also wrote Young World for Nelson, would be released on May 1, 1961 – the same date that the Shirelles released Mama Said.
–Friday- A sudden outbreak of sheep
Disney’s The Love Bug opened.
With the tagline of “ Herbie Will Honk His Way Into Your Heart”….really, who
could resist that?.....the movie about a struggling race car driver (Jeff
Gordon?) who begins winning races once he starts driving “Herbie”, a Volkswagen
Beetle. The movie starred Disney
regular, Dean Jones, Michele Lee, Buddy Hackett, popular foil, Joe Flynn (McHale’s Navy), “ooh ooh”, Joe E. Ross (Car 54 Where Are You) and a cameo by
Jock Mahoney (Yancy Derringer).
Unable to leave well enough alone, Disney inflicted several Love Bug spawn on the movie going
public. Herbie Rides Again,…..1974 Dean Jones was MIA but with Mayberry
RFD’s Ken Berry and Stephanie Powers but with Huntz Hall playing a judge. Herbie Goes to
1969 –Thursday Apollo 9 returned to Earth. Obviously, James R. McDivitt, commanderDavid R. Scott, command module pilot and Russell. L. Schweikart, lunar module pilot returned so they could watch the Love Bug (see above). Launched on March 3, the Apollo 9 mission was the first manned flight of all Apollo lunar hardware in Earth orbit and first manned flight of the lunar module. Lunar module pilot Russel L. Schweickart performed a 37 minute EVA. Human reactions to space and weightlessness were tested in 152 orbits. Microbes attached to craft returned to Earth, mutated and caused the disease Moroniucus Purchasium Cursorius which results in people who actually buy a cursor from a pop up when they are visiting a website.
1971-Saturday- Explorer 43, an unmanned satellite was launched. It studied cislunar environment during a period of decreasing solar activity. Of course you knew that cislunar environment is the region between Earth's atmosphere and the Moon. It is the birthplace of Christiane Amampour.
`1979 –Tuesday- The anthem of the Disco era, Gloria Gaynor’s I Will Survive was the number one song on the Billboard Charts. The song won the 1979 Grammy for Best Disco Recording. It was the first and last time that the Grammys offered the category.
1986 –Thursday- You should have bought. Hell, Professor Sy Yentz should have bought. Microsoft has its initial public offering.
–Monday Wreaking havoc with food in freezers and television viewing, a
geomagnetic storm caused the power in Quebec to go kaput with the collapse of
the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people were left without power for
nine hours. Geomagnetic
storms are major disturbances of the magnetosphere that occur when the
interplanetary magnetic field turns southward and remains southward for an
prolonged period of time. The folks in
1992 FridayA 6.8-magnitude earthquake near
1997 –Thursday- Phoenix – people were outside to observe Comet Hale-Bopp. Instead they saw were a series of widely sighted optical phenomena (generally unidentified flying objects – of course if you don’t know what it is, it’s unidentified) that occurred in the skies over Arizona and Nevada, and the Mexican state of Sonora (which could be attributed to drinking the water) A repeat sighting of the lights occurred on February 6, 2007, and was filmed by the local Fox News TV station. Thanks to the always reliable site, Bad Astronomy, we know that “ a lengthy investigation revealed that without a doubt, the lights seen that night were flares dropped from military airplanes, people refuse to let go.” http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2007/03/23/phoenix-lights-again/
2003 –Thursday- A report in the journal Nature reported that scientists had
found 350,000-year-old human footprints in
Pi Day - Pi is a number, starting with 3.1415926535…ad infinitum. It’s the number you get when you divide the circumference of a circle by its diameter, and it can’t be expressed as a fraction. It goes on forever. That the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle is constant (namely, pi) has been recognized for as long as we have written records. The ancient Babylonians calculated the area of a circle by taking 3 times the square of its radius, which gave a value of pi = 3. One Babylonian tablet (ca. 1900–1680 BC) indicates a value of 3.125 for pi, which is a closer approximation.
In the Egyptian Rhind Papyrus (ca.1650 BC), there is evidence that the Egyptians calculated the area of a circle by a formula that gave the approximate value of 3.1605 for pi. Mathematicians began using the Greek letter π in the 1700s. Introduced by William Jones in 1706, use of the symbol was popularized by Leonhard Euler, who adopted it in 1737. It’s also Albert Einstein’s birthday. See below.
“ Pssst, wanna buy a used country?” Caterian Cornaro, of
1590 – Wednesday- At
the Battle at Ivry future French King
Henri IV and the Huguenots defeated Catholic League. Later, he went on to defeat the American
League and the National League but lost to the National Football League on a
pass interference by the Duke of Aumale.
The battle was a decisive victory
for Henry of Navarre, the future Henry IV of
Birthday, Pieter van Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physicist who
invented the Leyden jar, the first effective device for storing static
electricity. We guess they could have
called it the van Musschenbroek jar but his name was too long to fit on it. He visited
1743 –Thursday- The City of
1757 – Bada byng…..English Admiral John Byng
kaput. During another of
1794-Friday- Eli Whitney received a patent for the cotton
gin. This machine made it possible to separate
seeds from cotton 50 times faster than by hand. It’s possible a gent named
Happy Birthday, Victor Emmanuel II, Italian king
of Sardinia-Piedmont and first king of united
1833-Thursday- Patient: “Doctor, I have yellow teeth, what do I do?”
Dentist: “Wear a brown tie... “ Happy
Birthday, Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first woman
dentist in America to graduate, in1866, from a dental college as a Doctor of
Dental Surgery. And that’s the tooth, the whole tooth, and nothing but the
tooth! While later practicing in
1839-Thursday- Sir John Herschel, son of astronomer Sir William Herschel who discovered Uranus (see March 13, 1781) referred to "photography" in a lecture to the Royal Society. Herschel published papers on photography. One of his most important papers, On the Art of Photography; or the Application of the Chemical Rays of Light to the Purpose of Pictorial Presentation, was read to the Royal Society on this day. In the paper Herschel put to use the word “photography”, “emulsion”, “positive” and “negative”. Although the word “photography” was used as early as 1832 by a Professor Stenger, it was Herschel’s paper that finally gave photography a common nomenclature. “Photography” is derived from Greek words that mean “light” and “writing”. http://www.iphf.org/Hall_Of_Fame/Inducties_Bios/Sir_John_Frederick_William_Herschel_Bio.html
1854-Tuesday- Happy Birthday, Paul Ehrlich, German medical scientist known for his pioneering work in hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy and for his discovery of the first effective treatment for syphilis. It was called "Dr. Erlich's magic bullet". These magic bullets were compounds that would have a specific attraction to disease-causing microorganisms. They would seek out these organisms and destroy them, avoiding other organisms and having no harmful effects on the bodies of patients. He received the 1908 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his scientific work in the field of immunity
1862 –Friday- Happy Birthday, Vilhelm Bjerknes,
Norwegian meteorologist and physicist, one of the founders of the modern
science of weather forecasting. ….which couldn’t be too hard in
1864-Monday- Driving that train, high
Casey Jones you better, watch your speed.
Trouble ahead, trouble behind,
And you know that notion just crossed my mind.
This old engine makes it on time,
Leaves Central Station 'bout a quarter to nine,
Hits River Junction at seventeen two,
At a quarter to ten you know it's drivin' again. ……Grateful Dead………Happy Birthday, Casey Jones, American railroad engineer. When Jones was in his teens, his family moved across the Mississippi River to Cayce, Ky., the town name (pronounced the same as Casey) providing his nickname. Fortunately, his family hadn’t moved to
Birthday, Albert Einstein, along with Isaac Newton recognized as the most
brilliant mind of the last millennium (and the few years since), Jewish Nobel
Prize winner who escaped from Nazi Germany to America where he continued
to be the world's pre-eminent physicist. Einstein advanced a series of theories that proposed
entirely new ways of thinking about space, time, and gravitation. His theories
of relativity and gravitation were a profound advance over the old Newtonian
physics and revolutionized scientific inquiry.
He was even offered the position (but turned it down) of first president
His famous equation E=mc2 did not appear with the paper, but came in a brief supplement that followed. Having just solved several of the deepest mysteries of the universe……Einstein then applied for a job as a university lecturer and was rejected.
He applied for a job as a high school teacher. He was rejected again. He went back to his job as a patent examiner 3rd class.
– Saturday - A more humane Mikado never
To nobody second,
I'm certainly reckoned
A true philanthropist.
It is my very humane endeavour
To make, to some extent,
Each evil liver
A running river
Of harmless merriment……..The premiere of Gilbert and Sullivan’s at the Savoy Theatre,
1900-Wednesday- Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act. The act set the value of gold at $20.67 per troy ounce (troy weight is based on a pound of twelve ounces or how much the horse weighed that concealed the thirty Greeks.) The act further stateed that: “the dollar consisting of twenty-five and eight-tenths grains of gold nine-tenths fine ... shall be the standard unit of value, and all forms of money issued or coined by the United States shall be maintained at a parity of value with this standard, and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to maintain such parity.” We no longer use the gold standard, we use a system of flat money but from here on it gets too complicated so just spend it. And, if you’re the U.S government, you can spend it even if you don’t have it.
1900-Wednesday- Gregor Mendel’s Mendel's research was ignored
for thirty four years after1866. It was rediscovered on this day by biologist
Hugo de Vries . In 1866 scientists focused on
1923-Wednesday- Warren Harding became the first president to pay income taxes. His tax bill was $18,000. He died later the same year.
1928 –Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Frank Borman, American astronaut, who was a member of the Apollo 8 mission, 1968, as it took the first manned flight around the moon. In December 1965, he and Jim Lovell spent a record 14 days in orbit aboard Gemini 7. During the flight, Gemini 6 astronauts Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford were launched and executed the first space rendezvous, with the two spacecraft maneuvering to less than a meter of one another. Sort of like a boy and girl at a JHS dance. After being assigned Apollo 8, Borman and his crew were offered the first Lunar Landing (Apollo 11), instead of Armstrong and Aldrin, but Borman turned it down.
1931-Saturday- So you go to the movies and you sit and
the screen is in front of you and the projection comes from behind you. Well on this day the first American motion
picture theatre built especially for rear projection of the movie was opened in
1931 –Saturday- “Come with me
To the sea
The sea of love Happy Birthday, Phil Phillips, (John Phillip Baptiste) born in
1934-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Eugene Cernan, American astronaut who left his spacecraft for more than two hours of extra-vehicular activity (forgot his keys and had to bang on the door to be let back in) during the Gemini 9 mission in 1966. As a member of Apollo 10 in 1969, the last before the Apollo 11 moon landing, he piloted the lunar module to within 10 miles of the lunar surface…..ooh, he must have been so tempted to just touch down, run out, touch the moon’s surface and be first….. and then flew back up to re-unite with the command module for the flight back to Earth.
Shine, the world looks fine.
Can you hear me, that when it rains and shines,
(When it Rains and shines.)
It's just a state of mind?
(When it rains and shines.)
Can you hear me, can you hear me?
If the rain comes they run and hide their heads……. The Beatles……..The results were questionable, but since this was
Professor Sy Yentz is also available as a rainmaker. Any area of the world suffering from a drought, should bring in Professor Sy Yentz and his car. He will wash his car and rain will occur within twelve hours. Guaranteed.
F.B.I. director, publicity hound,
and poof, J. Edgar Hoover began the “Ten
Most Wanted Fugitives” program. The idea came about in 1949, when a reporter
from the International News Service decided to write a story about the
“toughest guys” sought by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. In response, the
F.B.I. provided ten names of wanted criminals.
To get on the list, a fugitive's past criminal record, the nature of his
deeds, and his potential threat to the community were--and still are--reviewed.
Occasionally, the list has been expanded to include a particularly pressing
case, such as the 1961 manhunt for a West Coast butcher-murderer, and the 1968
dragnet for James Earl Ray after the Dr. Martin Luther King assassination.
First on the original list was one Thomas James Holden -
1956 –Wednesday- “ One two three o’clock four o’clock rock………” Did the movie Blackboard Jungle, (1955 starring Glen Ford, Anne Francis and Sidney Poitier) which began with the musical blast of Rock Around the Clock, make the record? Or did the record make the movie? Now, a year later, a movie named after the record, Rock Around The Clock, featuring Bill Haley and His Comets, the Platters and Freddie Bell & the Bellboys (Freddie and the Bellboys?), Ernie Maresca (later to achieve fame with his classic musical advice Shout Shout Knock Yourself Out) and disk jockey Alan Freed, premiered in Washington, DC. Ad lines modestly announced “It’s the Most”, “The screen's first great rock 'n' roll feature!”, and “It's the whole story of rock and roll!”
1959 –Saturday- In a shocking development, Dick Clark protégée, Fabian (utterly devoid of talent) was voted most promising new talent on, yes, Dick Clark’s American Bandstand, proving that a; the vote was fixed, b; there wasn’t really a vote, c; someone said Turn Me Loose, d; people who didn’t vote for Fabian had to listen to Like a Tiger for 24 consecutive hours; e voters were all name Dick Clark or; all of the above.
first offshore sulfur mine obtained sulfur. It was built off the
–Tuesday- One of
sport’s more notable migrant nomadic franchises, the Cincinnati Royals of Oscar
Robertson, Jack Twyman and Maurice Stokes fame, of the National Basketball
Association announced that the team's franchise would be moved to Kansas City,
Missouri at the end of the season. They would have the catchy name of Kansas
City-Omaha Kings. In 1985 they would move to
1995 –Tuesday- Astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station. He relied on Russian food, which is usually lumps of unidentifiable, grisly meat served with undercooked potatoes all washed down with the inevitable mugs of vodka and tea. The return to Earth resulted in space microbes transmuting in the Toiletius Papyrus Hoardatius disease which results in people buying as much toilet paper as possible upon hearing a prediction of snow.
2009 –Saturday- To the surprise of no one who has ever had to commute in city traffic, researchers reported at the American Heart Association’s 49th Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention that people who have had a heart attack are likely to report having been in traffic shortly before their symptoms began.
B.C. – Tuesday- Caesar:
Who is it in the press that calls on me?
I hear a tongue shriller than all the music
Cry "Caesar!" Speak, Caesar is turn'd to hear.
Beware the ides of March.
What man is that?
A soothsayer bids you beware the ides of March.
Julius Caesar Act 1, scene 2, 15–19, ….Roman Emperor, Julius Caesar was assassinated in the Roman Forum by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. He was stabbed in the forum……Also, in the back, side and chest................................
In the ancient Roman calendar, each of the 12 months had an ‘ides’ of the month. In March, May, July and October, the ides fell on the 15th day. In all other months, the ides fell on the 13th. The word ‘ides’ was derived from the Latin “to divide.” In a vote "the ides" would have it. The assassination also marked a turning point in the history of
1493 –Wednesday- Christopher Columbus returned to
1545 –Monday- Suppose they had a Council and nobody came? March 15, 1545 was supposed to be the first meeting of the Council of Trent, called by Pope Paul III in the Bull Laetare Hierusalem which was issued, by which the council was convoked to meet at Trento, Italy on 15 March, 1545. This 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation . Unfortunately, attendance was poor with few Bishops attending so the first meeting was put off until December 13, 1545. When they finally got around to meeting the first period of the Council of Trent 1545-47, produced the Roman Catechism, specifying the beliefs of the Catholic church. The first meeting of the Council also clarified church belief and dogma, the roles of scripture and sacraments, and provided guidelines for clergy. The Canons on Justification are considered among the most important work of the first period of the Council. The second period of the Council 1551-52, focused on the Eucharist, penance, and further discussion of the roles and behavior of the clergy. The second period of the Council was heavily influenced by the Jesuits. Finally, the third period of the Council1562-63 is best known for the infamous list of forbidden books it produced. While the other periods of the Council served largely to clarify Catholic belief, the third period also clarified what the Catholic church did not believe.
Birthday, Andrew Jackson, 7th U.S. President born in
the Carolinas – in 1767 there was no North & South Carolina -. “Old
1779 –Monday- Happy Birthday, William Lamb Melbourne English prime minister and adviser to the
1783-Saturday- In another demonstration of his great
leadership skills, General
George Washington made a surprise appearance at an assembly of army officers at
Newburgh, New York, to calm the growing frustration and distrust they had been
openly expressing towards Congress in the previous few weeks – called the
Newburgh Conspiracy –We note as an aside that people have been expressing
frustration and distrust towards Congress every day of American history. The officers were angry with Congress for
failing to honor its promise to pay them and for its failure to settle accounts
for repayment of food and clothing. Some officers began circulating an
anonymous letter condemning Congress and calling for a revolt. This was
entirely appropriate since Congress is revolting.
1788-Saturday- Jean-François de Galoup, Comte de La Pérouse, multi
named French explorer and naval officer left Botany Bay to continue his trip
around the world. La Perouse had mapped the west coast of North
America in 1786, and he visited Easter Island and the Sandwich Islands (
1813-Monday- Happy Birthday, John Snow, English
obstetrician who wrote On the Mode of
Communication of Cholera in 1849.
Snow theorized that cholera was a contagious disease easily transmitted by
contaminated water. The widely-held theory
at the time was that diseases were caused by “bad air” and so Snow’s
idea was ignored. However, during
1854-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Emil von Behring, German bacteriologist who is considered the founder of the science of immunology. He received in 1901 the first Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria. Although fairly obscure now, diphtheria was a serious threat during the late 19th century. In 1890, Von Behring discovered that guinea pigs injected with diptheria toxin (remnants of diptheria with the active bacilli filtered out) could have their tissues acclimated to the toxin such that they produced a substance capable of neutralizing the diptheria toxin itself. This antitoxin, he mixed with diptheria toxin and injected into healthy guinea pigs, yielding no ill effects after the animals were exposed to diptheria. He coined the word “antitoxin” to describe such substances.
1892- Tuesday- An escalator design was
patented in the
– Thursday- Remarkably
incompetent Czar Nicholas II, ruler of
1920-Monday- Happy Birthday, E. Donnel Thomas, American physician who pioneered techniques for transplanting bone marrow. The procedure involves the transfer of bone-marrow cells from a healthy donor to the bone marrow of the patient, so that the patient can resume production of healthy white blood cells to replace the cancerous cells. Thomas was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology of medicine in 1990 (he shared the award with Joseph E. Murray).
–Tuesday- Happy Birthday, Alan Bean (member of a large family including
brothers, Baked Bean, Lima Bean and Human Bean), American astronaut: lunar
module pilot on Apollo 12, the second lunar landing and fourth man to set foot on the moon on Nov 19,
1969. He was also commander of the Skylab 3 mission, the
–Monday- The first
blood bank was established -- in
1941 –Saturday- A fast-moving and severe blizzard hit North Dakota and
1945 –Thursday- The Nation's first No. 1 album from the first Billboard album chartwas
"The Nat King Cole Trio" on Capitol Records. It included such hits as
–Monday- Hey nonny ding dong, alang alang alang
Boom ba-doh, ba-doo ba-doodle-ay
Oh, life could be a dream (sh-boom)
If I could take you up in paradise up above (sh-boom)
If you would tell me I'm the only one that you love
Life could be a dream sweetheart
(Hello hello again, sh-boom and hopin' we'll meet again) …….
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da, sh-boom
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da
Sh-boom sh-boom Ya-da-da Da-da-da Da-da-da Da, sh-boom
What was arguably the first “doo wop” song of the doo wop era (arguments can be made for Gee by the Crows in 1953 or It’s Too Soon to Know by Sonny Til and the Orioles) of the 1950s was recorded by the Chords a group from the Bronx, NY.
1955 –Tuesday- Aerosol cans had been around for a while….Aaron “Bunny” Lapin
received a patent for his invention of "Dispensing Valves for Gas Pressure
Containers" – the aerosol can- United
States Patent 2704172 -which he had designed
for his Reddi-Wip whipped cream dessert topping in a spray can in1948. In the '40s he had perfected
an aerosol valve. Lapin realized his aerosol valve would solve the
storage/reuse problem for perishable liquids. Reddi-Wip became one of the more
popular mutant “convenience” foods of the 20th century. Lapin lived modestly on his invention, in
1951, The St. Louis Post-Dispatch called
him ''Bunny Lapin, Whipped Cream King.'' Aerosol Age, a trade publication,
wrote, ''He bought Cadillacs two at a time and lived in Gloria Swanson's
furnished mansion in
1956 –Thursday- “ I could have danced all night….” The Lerner and Loewe musical My Fair Lady starring Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews and Stanley Holloway opened on Broadway. Based on George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion, the musical premiered at the Mark Hellinger Theater. Directed by Moss Hart, it would move to the Broadhurst Theatre, and then the Broadway Theatre, and run for 2717 performances before closing in 1962. The Academy Award winning movie, with Audrey Hepburn (lip synching to the voice of Marni Nixon) substituting for Julie Andrews, had its debut in 1964
1964 –Sunday- Hello, I love you
Won't you tell me your name?
Hello, I love you
Let me jump in your game
Hello, I love you
Won't you tell me your name?
Hello, I love you
Let me jump in your game ……..The Doors………Serial bride, sometime actress and full time hypochondriac Elizabeth Taylor married Richard Burton for the first time. The happy couple first met and fell in love while filming Cleopatra in 1963 when
1972 – Wednesday- “Leave the gun. Take the cannoli”. Francis Ford Coppola’s
masterpiece, The Godfather, based on
the novel by Mario Puzo had its world premiere in
1972 –Wednesday- Same day as the Godfather premiered, Los Angeles DJ Robert W. Morgan played Donny Osmond’s turgid Puppy Love for 90 straight minutes. Police eventually raided the station, suspecting foul play. Puppy Love was written by Paul Anka for Annette Funicello, with whom Anka was having an affair during a package tour. Anka's manager insisted that the affair be low-key and kept out of the press, if possible.
1985 –Friday- Sciencegnus.com. The domain name. The Domain Name Game…
Come on everybody!
I say now let's play a game
I betcha I can make a rhyme out of anybody's domain.
The first letter of the name, I treat it like it wasn't there
But a B or an F or an M will appear
And then I say bo add a B then I say the name and Bonana fanna and a fo
And then I say the name again with an F very plain
and a fee fy and a mo
And then I say the name again with an M this time
and there isn't any domain name that I can't rhyme…
org, org bo Borg Bonana fanna fo forg
Fee fy mo morg, org! ……….apologies to Shirley Ellis….When the first computers began connecting to each other over Wide Area Networks (WAN's), like the ARPANET in the 1960's, a form of identification was needed to properly access the various systems. At first the networks were composed of only a few computer systems associated with the U.S. Department of Defense and other institutions. As the number of connections grew, a more effective system was needed to regulate and maintain the domain paths throughout the network. In 1972 the U.S. Defence Information Systems Agency created the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). IANA was responsible for assigning unique 'addresses' to each computer connected to the Internet. By 1973, the Internet Protocol or IP addressing system became the standard by which all networked computers could be located. Researchers and technicians at the
1998 -Sunday CBS' 60 Minutes aired an interview with former White House employee Kathleen Willey. Wiley said that presidential stud muffin and serial horn dog, President Clinton made unwelcome sexual advances toward her in the Oval Office in 1993. Poor Wiley and CBS were then buried in a typical Clintonesque avalanche of slurs, innuendoes, counter charges and equivocations.
2002 –Friday- Burger
King began selling a veggie burger. The event was billed as the first veggie
burger to be sold nationally by a fast food chain. The half life of the veggie
burger is equal to that of Uranium which is the last and heaviest of the
natural elements. Its half-life of 4.6 billion years makes it the longest-lived
of all isotopes but not quite up to that of a hot dog sold on
37 - Caligula,
affectionately known as Little Boot, became emperor of
1322 –Monday- The Battle of
Boroughbridge was a battle fought between a group of rebellious barons and the
testosteronically challenged King Edward II of England, near, yes, Boroughbridge
England. It is situated northwest of
Samoset explained that he was originally from
1750-Monday- Happy Birthday, Caroline Herschel, sister of Sir William and the first famous female astronomer. It was she who did the complicated calculations from her brother's observations. On August 1, 1786, Caroline became the first woman to discover a comet. She was also involved in other astronomical pursuits. She began re-cataloging John Flamsteed's star catalog and submitted it to the Royal Society in 1798, together with an additional 560 stars which Flamsteed had omitted.
Happy Birthday James Madison of Virginia,
4th president of the
–Wednesday- Fliners keepers…Happy
Birthday, Matthew Fliners, English naval captain and hydrographer who prepared
detailed charts of much of the Australian coastline. Flinders was the first to
consistently use the term
1787-Friday- Ohm Ohm on the range………Happy Birthday, George Simon Ohm (brother of Bi Ohm and Gene Ohm ), German physicist. The ohm, a unit used to measure electric resistance was named in his honor. Ohm was able to define the fundamental relationship between voltage, current, and resistance. He eponomously stated the famous Ohm's law in 1826, "If the given temperature remains constant, the current flowing through certain conductors is proportional to the potential difference (voltage) across it." or V=iR. That should certainly clear things up for you.
1802 –Tuesday- The
1819-Tuesday- Dr. John Bostock sneezed and wheezed through the first clinical description of an allergy
- hay fever - at meeting of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society in
London.Hay fever as a disease that affected the upper respiratory tract.
Although of unknown origin, oddly enough it had nothing to do with either hay
or having a fever. Hay fever, or in medical terms, seasonal allergic rhinitis,
is the most widespread form of allergy, affecting more than 15 million
Americans. There was nothing new about allergies of course, Perhaps the
earliest report of allergic disease is that of King Menses of
1850 –Saturday- Attention
Hester Prynne fans - The novel, The
Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was published. The introduction is an essay called “The Custom-House.” In it, narrator says he found a
mysterious package–dating back two centuries–on the second floor of the Salem
Custom-House, where he worked as Surveyor of the Revenue. The package contained
a ragged piece of red cloth in the shape of the letter “A” and a manuscript on
folio outlining the story of the woman required to wear the letter as a symbol
of shame for committing adultery.
1867-Saturday- English physician, Joseph Lister published the first of a series of articles in the Lancet, a British medical journal, regarding his discovery of antiseptic surgery. Lister had applied Pasteur's idea that the micro-organisms that caused gangrene and other infections might be controlled with chemical solutions. He used carbolic acid (phenol) for spraying instruments, on surgical incisions, and applied to dressings. He found that this procedure substantially reduced the incidence of gangrene, Lister published his results in series of articles in the Lancet on the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery Of note in the contempory world where we go to the hospital for treatment and end up getting sick, is Lister’s final few sentences; “But since the antiseptic treatment has been brought into full operation, and wounds and abscesses no longer poison the atmosphere with putrid exhalations, my wards, though in other respects under precisely the same circumstances as before, have completely changed their character; so that during the last nine months not a single instance of pyaemia, hospital gangrene, or erysipelas has occurred in them.” http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1867lister.html
1915 –Tuesday- Happy Birthday- Kunihiko Kodaira, Japanese mathematician. Kodaira's work covered many topics, about which we haven’t the faintest idea as to meaning. Obviously, they were quite important since Kodaira won the Fields Medal (math equivalent of the Nobel) in 1954. His work included applications of Hilbert space methods to differential equations (as opposed to being polite with deferential equations). This was an important topic and was largely the result of influence by Herman Weyl. Like, Sir William Vallance Douglas Hodge, he worked on harmonic integrals and later he applied this work to problem in algebraic geometry. Another important area of Kodaira's work was to apply sheaves to algebraic geometry. Later, in 1960 he became involved in the classification of compact, complex analytic spaces. One of the themes running through much of his work is the Riemann-Roch theorem and this plays an important role in much of his research. Pretty esoteric stuff n’est pas?
1918-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Frederick Reines, American physicist who (with his colleague, Clyde Cowan Jr.) was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physics for his detection in 1956 of neutrinos. The neutrino is a subatomic particle, a tiny lepton with little or no mass and a neutral charge which had been postulated by Wolfgang Pauli in the early 1930s but had previously remained undiscovered. We also think it sounds like a breakfast energy drink. Reines's studies produced a host of fundamental findings and a number of "firsts." These include: the first detection of neutrinos produced in the atmosphere; the study of muons (muons are the most numerous energetic charged particles at sea level. A charged particle cannot avoid losing energy by ionization.) induced by neutrino interactions underground; the first observation of the scattering of electron antineutrinos (married to uncle neutrino) with electrons; the detection of the weak neutral current interactions of electron antineutrinos with deuterons (deuterons tried to steal Captain Kirk’s brain in an early episode of Star Trek) ; investigations searching for neutrino oscillations (the possibility of neutrino transformations from one type to another); and, the first detection of neutrinos from a supernova.
launched the first liquid fuel rocket, a giant step in technology .The rocket
traveled 47 ft. high and 184 ft. in distance in 2.5 seconds. Just like many of
Professor Sy Yentz vacation trips, the camera recording the event ran out of
film so there is no movie of this historic first rocket flight. Rockets were invented by the Chinese, a spin-off from their invention
of gunpowder--some time around the year 1000. Rockets added a new dimension to
fireworks--another Chinese invention--but, invevitably, they were also applied
to warfare, as missiles to set the enemy's cities on fire. Goddard’s liquid fuel
rocket was based on an idea proposed independently by Hermann
1927-Wednesday- Happy Birthday, Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut, the first man known to have died during a space mission. He flew on two space missions. On the first, he was Command Pilot of Voskhod I, a day-long mission, in Oct 1964. The second, on Soyuz 1 in April 1967, didn’t end so well. After a nearly twenty seven hour flight, during the return to Earth, his spacecraft became entangled in its main parachute and fell several miles to earth. Komarov was killed. Komarov was the first “known” kapution. The Soviets, as with everything else in the “workers paradise” were not exactly forthcoming about their failures in space. There were probably quite a few more.
1932-Wednesday- Happy Birthday Walter Cunningham, American astronaut who was a member of the Apollo 7 mission, first manned flight of Apollo Command and Service modules. On October 11, 1968, he tested the lunar module pilot seat (he said it was very comfy but that it should have a beverage holder and a little place for the remote control) for the eleven-day flight of Apollo 7 with Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and Donn F. Eisele
1963 –Saturday- The release of Puff the Magic Dragon by Peter Paul & Mary from their second album, Moving. We note this because the record has been covered by the following: Bing Crosby, Marlene Dietrich, (performed in German as Paff, Der Zauberdrachen) Trini Lopez, The Kingston Trio, The Seekers, Bonnie 'Prince' Billy, Mariko Kōda Tom Chapin, Dolly Parton, Seal, John Denver, Patsy Biscoe, Grup de Folk, (performed in Catalan as "Puff, el drac màgic"), Broken Social Scene, The Chipmunks, Me First and the Gimme Gimmes, Roger Whittaker, and The Irish Rovers
1966-Wednesday- The launch of Gemini 8. In a crucial first step to
the first step on the Moon, astronauts Neil Armstrong, later to be the first
man to walk on the Moon in July 1969, and David Scott docked their two Gemini (the other was an unmanned Atlas-Agena) craft together in space. Some
candlelight, some wine, a bit of Mantovani on the record player and nine months
later a little Gemini Jr. was launched into the world. The flight lasted only 10 hours, 41 minutes
because of a malfunctioning thruster that caused the spacecraft to spin
uncontrollably at a rate of about one revolution per second. This caused the
crew to execute the first emergency landing of a piloted
–Thursday- Former Italian Prime
Minister, Aldo Moro was kidnapped by the left wing terrorist, group the Red
Brigades. The government
and the political parties rejected the kidnappers' demands that thirteen
terrorists be released from prison. After a fruitless 54-day search by security forces,
Moro's body was found in May in the trunk of a car in the center of
1995 –Thursday- Mississippi formally ratified the Thirteenth
Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery.But
because the state never officially notified the US Archivist, the ratification
is not official. The Thirteenth Amendment was officially ratified in December 1865, when
721 B.C.-Thursday- The Babylonians became the first to record a lunar eclipse. as described in Ptolemy's Almages.t When the full Moon passes through the Earth's shadow, it is called a lunar eclipse. The type and length of a lunar eclipse depends upon the Moon's location relative to its orbital node. A total lunar eclipse (note in 1983 Bonnie Tyler suffered a Total Eclipse of the Heart) occurs when the Moon travels completely into the Earth's umbra, the dark inner portion of the shadow. The Moon's speed through the shadow is about one kilometer per second, and the totality may last up to nearly 107 minutes.
45 BC –Friday- Tell me why. I don’t like Munda….Bob Geldorf and Pompey the Younger… In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeated the Pompeian forces (Pompey the Great had already been slewn in Egypt) of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda (in what is now Spain) . Labienus had been one of Caesar’s top military commanders and was almost on a par with Caesar as a strategist. Things were not looking good for Caesar’s forces as the Pompeians had the high ground. However, Labienus, commanding the cavalry saw that Caesarian troops were attacking the main supply camp. He broke off from the main battle with his cavalry to secure the camp, oops….Pompey's men seemed to have viewed this as a general retreat by the one man who knew Caesar so well, and panic was the result. The actions of Labienus sent Pompey's army into all out fight. Caesar's army overwhelmed the retreating enemy and was merciless in its zeal to end the civil war. Up to 30,000 men were slaughtered in the carnage, including Labienus
493-Tuesday- Other sources say 460 or 461 …St. Patrick’s Day honors the
patron saint of
1762 –Wednesday- New York City - the first parade
honoring the Catholic feast day of St. Patrick, the patron saint of
1834-Monday- Goddaimler, well I declare, have you seen the like? …Grateful Dead…Happy Birthday, Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and pioneer automobile manufacturer who invented the first high-speed internal combustion engine in 1883 and a carburetor to mix gasoline fuel and air in 1885. With Wilhelm Maybach, in 1885, 1886 he constructed the first four-wheeled automobile. It was able to reach the blazing speed of 11 mph. In 1890 the Daimler company was founded at Cannstadt, and in 1899 it produced the first Mercedes car. In 1926 it merged with the company founded by Karl Benz.
1845-Monday- Hey, y’all prepare yourself
For the Rubberband man
You never heard a sound
Like the rubberband man
You’re bound to lose control
the Rubberband starts to jam …………The Spinners……..The
rubber band was patented by Stephen Perry of
Charles F. Brush (brother of Sage Brush and Tooth Brush), American inventor and industrialist who devised
an electric arc lamp and a generator that produced a variable voltage
controlled by the load and a constant current. It was adopted throughout the
1861–Sunday- The kingdom of
united Italy was proclaimed at Turin, capital of Piedmont-Sardinia, in a
national parliament composed of deputies elected from all over the peninsula.
The 1848 Statuto (constitution) was extended to all of
1881 – Happy Birthday Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss neurophysiologist. Neurophysiology is branch of physiology that deals with the functions of the nervous system. Hess proved conclusively that bodily functions, triggered by the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, are related to the posterior and middle parts of the hypothalamus. Working with cats, he noted that the stimulation of a certain area of the hypothalamus of a cat produces all the symptoms of rage. Stimulation of another defined area produces parasympathetic, not sympathetic, effects; the cat relaxes and falls asleep. Schrödinger's cat may or may not have been upset with these experiments. Hess mapped out the influence of the hypothalamus, and for his work he was awarded a Nobel Prize, with Antonio Egas Moniz, in 1949.
–Thursday- First practical submarine
submerged. It’s everywhere in the
Xeroxian World of the Internet. Closest
we could come in our research was March 11, 1898. Submarine pioneer John Holland entered and won the Navy's
submarine competition in 1893, with Holland
V the Plunger.
“So now you tell me”….paintings by Dutch painter Vincent van
Gogh were shown at the Bernheim-Jeune gallery in
Following the 1901
1902 –Monday- Happy Birthday, Bobby Jones, the American golfer who was the first winner of the Grand Slam. Note that at the time, 1930, the “grand slam” consisted of the British Amateur, the British Open, the U.S Open, and the U.S Amateur. Nowadays, the “grand slam” - the sobriquet is taken from the baseball term of a home run with the bases loaded- consists of the British Open, the Masters, the U.S Open, and the PGA Championship. Jones famously said, “the secret of golf is to turn three shots into two." Professor Sy Yentz is proficient at turning three shots into eight.
1905-Friday- Three days after his 26th birthday – (see March 14 above), Albert Einstein submitted a paper titled "A heuristic point of view concerning the production and transformation of light" to Annalen der Physik, one of the best-known and oldest (it was founded in 1799) physics journals worldwide. The paper and four others submitted by Einstein would change the way we think of physics, science, and our world. 1905 has been called Einstein’s annus mirabilis. The first paper was quantum theory. The second (May 11), was on Brownian motion (the behavior of small particles in a suspension), the third on September 28, was the special theory of relativity
1905 –Friday And on the same day that Albert Einstein started changing the world, we have a social note as future president Franklin Delano Roosevelt married his fifth cousin once removed, the remarkably unalluring, Eleanor Roosevelt, in New York. The groom was resplendent in a rented tux from Hyde Park Tuxedos and Pizza. The bride, all aglow in a gown by Tarjai. The reception was held at Dante’s On the Hudson with music by D J “New Deal”.
1906-Saturday- Nine months before the San Francisco Earthquake, a 7.1 Richter Scale earthquake and a full day of aftershocks devastated Taiwan, then known as Formosa, killing over 1,200 people. It was early on a Saturday morning when the first earthquake struck, due to a shift in the Chinsekiryo and Baishiku faults lying beneath the island.
1931 –Tuesday- "Schick happens". Schick,
Inc., the razor company, displayed the first electric shaver in
1942 –Tuesday- General Douglas MacArthur, having left Bataan and promising to return to the Philippines, arrived in Australia to become supreme commander of Allied forces in the southwest Pacific theater during World War II.
1950-Friday - Californium dreamin’ on such a winter’s day…..A new radioactive element, element 98, named "californium" was announced by scientists, Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Kenneth Street, Jr. and Albert Ghiorso at the University of California at Berkeley. It was like a totally awesome thing and ohmygod, it like glowed and stuff……. They bombarded atoms of curium-242 with helium ions using a the cyclotron. This produced atoms of californium-245, an isotope with a half-life of about 45 minutes, and a free neutron………. All the world over, so easy to see, Neutrons everywhere just wanna be free….The Rascals… Californium is a metal Atomic Number: 98 - Atomic Weight: 251
1956 –Saturday- The 8th Emmy Awards show held at
the held at the Pan Pacific Auditorium in
1958-Monday- After several embarrassing failures
following the October 1957 launch of Sputnik,
the U.S. launched its first object into space, the Vanguard I satellite.
1958 – Monday- Take out the papers and the trash
Or you don't get no spendin' cash
If you don't scrub that kitchen floor
You ain't gonna rock and roll no more
Yakety yak (don't talk back)……..And on the same day the U.S made its space breakthrough, the Coasters recorded Stiller and Leiber’s Yakety Yak (with the great sax solo by King Curtis). It would reach number 1 on the Hot 100 List.
1966 –Thursday- Oops…..Look under tables, in closets and behind the pillows of the sofa ….oh, there it is…A hydrogen bomb that had fallen from a U.S bomber during a mid-air collision with a fuel tanker and lost near Palomares, Spain on January 17, was located by a midget submarine, Alvin, and recovered.
1972 –Friday- In his home town of
1979 –Saturday- The Penmanshiel Tunnel in Grantshouse, Berwickshire, in the
Scottish Borders region of
1992 –Tuesday- The launch of the Soyuz TM-14. The 11th Mir Space Station crew spent the majority of its 145 days in space on Earth resource missions. Interstellar microbes returning with the craft caused an outbreak of the repetitive disease Understandingus Verbalium Replicatial which causes people to constantly say, "Ya, know what I'm sayin"...
2008 - Dextre, the final element of the International Space Station's Mobile Servicing System, was put together during the second spacewalk of STS-123. Two arms would allow Dextre to transport objects, use tools, and install and remove equipment on the space station. Dextre was also equipped with lights, video equipment, a tool platform and four tool holders. Sensors would allow the robot to "feel" the objects it is dealing with (“really Babette, this is for scientific purposes only, now, how do I unhook this…”) and automatically react to movements or changes (“Ouch, that hurt. Why did you slap me. It told you it was just research.”). Of course space microbes were dislodged and fell to Earth where they transmorgrified into people who believe that the “f” word is an adjective.
1314 – Sunday- Did he go away and leave you all alone?
I got a bad desire
I'm on fire …….Bruce Springsteen… In the two centuries of their formal existence the Knights Templar served under 23 Grand Masters. On this date, Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, was burned at the stake near Notre Dame in
1541-Tuesday- Hernando De Soto became the first to record the
flooding of the
1690 –Saturday- Happy Birthday, Christian Golbach, born in
1766-Tuesday- “Taxation without representation”
1781-Sunday- French astronomer Charles Messier (brother of hockey star Mark Messier) rediscovered the Globular cluster Messier 92 -26,000 light years away (M92, NGC 6341), one of the more conspicuous globular clusters. It is situated in constellation Hercules. It was originally discovered in 1777 by Johann Elert Bode. Messier, a comet hunter, kept a record of the fuzzy blurs that weren't comets, and between 1771 and 1881 published a catalog of nebulosities that included more than 100 deep sky objects. These "Messier objects" were assigned numbers (like M92) and the catalog became an indispensable tool for future observers. Modern observations have since shown the objects to be star clusters, nebulae and galaxies.
1834-Tuesday- The first
1837-Saturday- Happy Birthday, Grover Cleveland, 22nd and
24th president of the
1844 –Monday Happy Birthday, Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov, Russian composer of Fight of the Bumble Bee and and the symphonic suite Scheherazade
1852-Saturday Henry Wells and William Fargo founded Wells, Fargo & Co. “to provide banking and express service to pioneer miners, merch